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A new approach for air dehumidification at refrigerator temperatures: Electrolytic vapor dehumidifier with Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM).

Author(s) : QI R., LI T., ZHANG L. Z.

Type of article: IJR article

Summary

Dehumidifier with Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) is suitable for high-accuracy, limited-space humidity control in refrigerators. This study experimentally investigated the performance of PEM-based dehumidifier under the temperature range of -10~10°C. Empirical equations of PEM water content at refrigerator temperatures were developed. Results showed that although the low-temperature performance of electrolytic dehumidifier is not as good as that of room temperature, the efficiency (~1.3 × 10−2 g·J−1·m−2) is still competitive to desiccant or electrochemical methods. The dehumidifier has a starting voltage, and the voltage is higher at lower air temperatures (i.e. 1.3V for 26.1°C and 2.3 V for -3.9°C). During dehumidification, the operating current first increases significantly and then drops as the applied voltage increases, leading to a first increase and then steady dehumidification rate. The peak of current occurs at a smaller voltage as the air temperature decreases, i.e. 1.8V for 0°C and 2.5V for 26°C. Furthermore, the dehumidification rate increases as the air temperature and flow rate increases, while the changing rate with operating conditions was lower at sub-zero temperatures. Dehumidification has little effect on the oxygen concentration or temperature increment of the supply air. Characterizations also indicated that there was no obvious physical change on the PEM surface after operating at low temperatures. However, there exists a starting temperature for the dehumidifier, i.e. -9.5°C for the 3V applied voltage, which is due to the possible icing and swelling problem within the membrane. This study provided a new method, and proved its feasibility for dehumidifying at refrigerator temperatures.

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Pages: 453-461

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Details

  • Original title: A new approach for air dehumidification at refrigerator temperatures: Electrolytic vapor dehumidifier with Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM).
  • Record ID : 30027732
  • Languages: English
  • Subject: Technology
  • Source: International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 118
  • Publication date: 2020/10
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2020.05.023
  • Available in the IIR library

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