L’industrie du GNL en 2012 : les chiffres clés

Selon le GIIGNL, les importations nettes mondiales de LNG ont atteint 236.3 Mt, soit un recul de 1.9% par rapport à 2011. (en anglais)
According to GIIGNL (International Group of LNG Importers), in 2012, global LNG imports net of reloads reached 236.3 Mt, a  1.9%  (4.5 Mt) decrease compared to the previous year. The world LNG trade accounted for 522.08 Mm 3 in liquid form or 236.31 Mt, 59.2 million tons traded  on a spot or short-term basis or  25% of total trade.
71% of LNG demand was located in Asia and 40% of global LNG imports were supplied from the Middle East

The total LNG tanker fleet consisted of 378 vessels .  It included 14 FSRUs (Floating Storage and Regasification Unit) and 14 ships of less than 18 000 m3.

There were 89 liquefaction trains in operation in 18 exporting countries: Algeria, Angola, Australia, Canada, Colombia, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Indonesia, Israel, Lybia, Malaysia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Russia, USA, Yemen.
The aggregate nominal capacity of all liquefaction plants reached 282 mmtpa, to be compared with a
worldwide LNG consumption of 236 mmtpa.

93 LNG regasification terminals - including 11 floating facilities  - were in operation in 26 countries : Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Puerto Rico, USA, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Dubai, Kuwait, Belgium, France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United-Kingdom.
Indonesia became the 26th importing country. The combined nominal send-out capacity of the facilities reached 668 mmtpa (902 bcm/y). With 406 tanks, total storage capacity was close to 46 106 m3 of LNG (liquid). Half of the world’s regasification capacity was located in Asia.