Le marché des conditionneurs d’air en Afrique du Sud (en anglais)

Il y a environ 2,6 millions de conditionneurs d'air électriques en fonctionnement en Afrique du Sud (année 2010).
Air conditioners (ACs) are not a priority appliance in South Africa but in recent years the popularity has grown in high income households, reaching a 40 % penetration rate in the most affluent homes. In addition to households, split ACs are often used in offices without a centralised HVAC system.

The AC market was hit hard by the 2008 economic recession and sales bottomed out only in 2011/12. The market started to grow again in 2013 and is expected to grow by a compound annual growth rate of 5 % until 2018. The market in South Africa is characterised by two types of systems – split ACs and packaged terminal ACs (PTACs) and is dominated by split ACs.

About 2.6 million electric air conditioners are in use in South Africa (reference year 2010). The average annual consumption of each of these AC amounts to about 3,100 kWh. In total, this causes an annual electricity consumption of 8.1 TWh. While the stock is expected to grow by 73 % between 2010 and 2020, in the efficiency scenario the energy consumption can be reduced by 7 %. Although the stock is expected to grow significantly by another 120 % until 2030 (following international trends), in the efficiency scenario the increase of energy consumption can be at least mitigated (Figure 1). Thereby, in particular higher living standards (e.g. increasing appliance ownership rates and household numbers) have been anticipated. In contrast, in the baseline scenario with moderate efficiency gains the energy consumption would increase by 27 % by 2020 and 85 % between 2020 and 2030.

Source: bigee.net Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy