Le marché des pompes à chaleur en Allemagne

La part de marché des pompes à chaleur installées dans des bâtiments résidentiels nouvellement construits est passée de 13,2 % en 2007 à 32,2 % en 2013.
 For the first time since 2010 the sales figures for heat pumps in Germany had shown a slight decrease for 2014. 58 000 sold space heating heat pumps equals a decline of -3.3%. On the contrary, sanitary hot water heat pumps continued their upward trend with an increase in sales volume of 10.7% – 13 400 units were sold. 
The decrease in heat pump sales is a result of the overall market development for heating systems in Germany. The heat pump is not the only technology that was struggling last year with greater reluctance to invest, the overall sales for heating systems decreased as well. The German heating market still suffers from a persistent refurbishment backlog. Hence, the market for new buildings is still the most important segment of the sales market. This is visible even in the market share for small split units (up to 10 kW, +16.1%), which are very often used in new constructed single- or two family buildings. Heat pumps in the power range from 10 to 20 kW, which are usually used in restoration, had shown a decline of -5.7%.

 Reasons for this development are the low oil prices and particularly the consumer uncertainty. The new federal government started with the announcement to try to double the refurbishment rate through appropriate actions. Owners of older houses are still waiting that the federal government keeps this promise and puts programs into action that give advantages to investors and homebuilders.

 The market share of heat pumps installed in newly erected residential buildings increased from 13.2% in 2007 to 32.2% in 2013. In 2014 the market share slightly decreased to 31.8%. Heat pumps are still the second most popular heating system in newly built residential buildings, behind gas driven heating systems, which still have a market share of 51 percent in new buildings. There are even prefabricated house providers that equip all their houses with a heat pump. This enables an easy calculation in order to meet the requirements of the Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV) and it is popular to environmentally conscious homebuilders.

 The trend towards air-to-water heat pumps (+1%) is resistant: 39500 of these units were sold – more than twice as much as ground-sourced systems with 18 500 units. Ground-sourced heat pumps had shown a drop in sales again (-12.8%) with regard to the previous year. The market share of ground-sourced systems decreased to 32.2 percent. There have been no changes of the most important incentive scheme for renewable heating systems, the Marktanreizprogramm (MAP), in 2014. The number of applications for heat pump systems decreased from 6 472 (2013) to 5 292 (2014) – which is the lowest number of applications for heat pumps systems ever. However, the requirements for the subsidies finally changed in the beginning of 2015, which led to a massive increase of the number of applications.

 The following brands are distributing heat pumps in Germany:
Airwell, Alpha InnoTec, August Brötje, AWE Wärmepumpen, Bartl, Buderus, Carnotherm, Cofely, DAIKIN, ELCO, ENERTECH/Giersch, ERW Elektrotechnik, Fujitsu General, Glen Dimplex, Gorenje, Hautec, Heliotherm, Hitachi, Hoval, IDM, Junkers, Kermi, König Wärmepumpen, LG, Max Weishaupt, MHG, Mitsubishi Electric, Neura, NIBE, Novelan, Ochsner, Panasonic, Remko, Rotex, Roth, Schüco, SmartHeat, SOLVIS, Sonnenkraft, Stiebel Eltron, SunHybrid, tecalor, Termo-Tehnika, Thermia, Toshiba, TRANE, Vaillant, Viessmann, Voß, Waterkotte, Wolf, Zehnder, ZWS.

Source: EHPA