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Examen critique de techniques, des défis et des solutions d'économie d'énergie en matière de refroidissement des centres de données.

Data centers cooling: A critical review of techniques, challenges, and energy saving solutions.


Type d'article : Article de la RIF, Synthèse


In order to increase data centers’ efficiency and performance, a proper cooling system should be applied. This article provides a comprehensive assessment which explores current cooling optimization technologies for data centers. Standard traditional technologies like air conditioning, free cooling, and liquid cooling are investigated. Their limitations as well as proposed improvements are thoroughly discussed. The article also delves into underfloor and overhead air supply technologies, presenting their advantages and drawbacks. The review introduces novel approaches at the rack level cooling, including baffles, variable airflow management, and optimal server placement. Key findings stress the efficacy of optimized airflow systems and innovative rack-level cooling, underlining their role in reducing energy consumption and enhancing overall performance. Notably, potential energy savings of up to 67.2 % compared to traditional methods are demonstrated. The adoption of advanced cooling technologies, such as direct and indirect natural cooling, liquid-cooling cold plates, submersion, heat pipe, and thermosiphon-based cooling, exhibits promising energy efficiency gains and reduced Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) values. Research into content-specific efficiency enhancements, adaptable energy-saving tactics, and all-encompassing server power consumption models is necessary. To work toward future sustainable, energy-efficient data centers, researchers should investigate how CRACs and server fans interact, find ways to integrate thermal and power management, and how artificial intelligence can be used to cool servers in an eco-friendly way.

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Format PDF

Pages : 246-262


  • Prix public

    20 €

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  • Titre original : Data centers cooling: A critical review of techniques, challenges, and energy saving solutions.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30032240
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Sujet : Technologie
  • Source : International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 160
  • Date d'édition : 04/2024
  • DOI :


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