Document IIF

Les propriétés thermodynamiques de frigorigènes de remplacement.

Thermodynamic properties for the alternative refrigerants.


Type d'article : Article, Article de la RIF


Models commonly used to calculate the thermodynamic properties of refrigerants are summarized. For pure refrigerants, the virial, cubic, Martin-Hou, Benedict-Webb-Rubin, and Helmholtz energy equations of state and the extended corresponding states model are discussed. High accuracy formulations for 16 refrigerants are recommended. These models may be extended to mixtures through the use of mixing rules applied either to the parameters of the equation of state or to some property of the mixture components. Mixtures of a specific composition may also be modeled as a pseudo-pure fluid. Five mixture models, employing four distinct approaches, have been compared by a group working under the auspices of the International Energy Agency. These comparisons show all five models to be very capable in representing mixture properties. No single model was best in all aspects, but based on its combination of excellent accuracy and great generality, the authors recommend the Helmholtz energy model as the best available. Experimental data are essential to both fit the adjustable parameters in property models and to assess their accuracy. The article presents a survey of the data available for mixtures of the HFC refrigerants R32, R125, R134a, R143a, and R152a and for mixtures of the natural refrigerants propane, butane, isobutane, and carbon dioxide. More than 60 data references are identified. Further data needs include caloric data for additional mixtures, comprehensive pressure-density-temperature data for additional mixture compositions, and improved accuracy for vapour-liquid equilibria data.

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Pages : 322-338


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  • Titre original : Thermodynamic properties for the alternative refrigerants.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 1999-0723
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Source : International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 21 - n. 4
  • Date d'édition : 06/1998


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