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Design of high efficiency mixed refrigerant Joule-Thomson refrigerator for cooling HTS cable.

Conception d'un réfrigérateur Joule-Thomson à efficacité énergétique élevée utilisant un mélange de frigorigènes pour le refroidissement d'un câble supraconducteur à température élevée.

Auteurs : LEE J., HWANG G. W., JEONG S., et al.

Type d'article : Article

Résumé

The substitution of high temperature superconducting (HTS) cables for existing subterranean electric transmission lines is arising as a solution to continuously increasing electricity demand in urban areas. A cryogenic refrigeration system having the characteristics of high reliability, high efficiency, large cooling capacity, and low capital cost is essential to enable such a substitution. These requirements can be satisfied with a mixed refrigerant Joule–Thomson (MR JT) refrigerator. Unfortunately, usual MR JT refrigerators exhibit good performance at refrigeration temperatures above 80 K. A precooled neon–nitrogen MR JT refrigerator is proposed in this paper that can cool HTS cables at 70 K. The coefficient of performance (COP) of the proposed MR JT refrigerator is predicted to be 0.058 at 70 K (19.2% for exergy efficiency) with the optimized design variables. The COP can be improved further to 0.064 by enhancing the efficiency of the precooling cycle. The maximum achievable COP demonstrates the feasibility of MR JT refrigerator for cooling HTS cable. [Reprinted with permission from Elsevier. Copyright, 2011].

Détails

  • Titre original : Design of high efficiency mixed refrigerant Joule-Thomson refrigerator for cooling HTS cable.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30001935
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Source : Cryogenics - vol. 51 - n. 7
  • Date d'édition : 07/2011
  • DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryogenics.2011.04.007

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