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Experimental investigation of surfactant-enhanced ammonia-water absorption in a shell-and-tube absorber.

Étude expérimentale de l'absorption d'ammoniac et d'eau renforcée par des tensioactifs dans un absorbeur à calandre et à tube.

Auteurs : KINI G., CHANDRASEKARAN S., HUGHES M. T., GARIMELLA S.

Type d'article : Article de la RIF

Résumé

The use of surfactants for passive enhancement of ammonia-water absorption is experimentally investigated. A vertically-oriented, baffled shell-and-tube absorber with a tightly packed tube bundle for a 10.5 kW absorption chiller is considered. An experimental facility is fabricated to closely simulate the operating conditions in an absorption chiller. Experiments are performed at different solution flow rates, coupling fluid temperatures, and surfactant concentrations. The results demonstrate significant improvements in absorber performance due to the addition of 1-octanol as the surfactant. Mass transfer enhancement by interfacial turbulence and higher heat transfer coefficients due to increased wettability are identified as the mechanisms responsible for the enhancement. The impact of surfactants on the system level parameters including the low-side pressure is investigated. It is also shown that there is no significant impact on desorber performance by the addition of surfactants. The results indicate that surfactants are beneficial and can result in a smaller absorber and allow for system operation at higher ambient temperatures. The results from this study can help guide the development of surfactant-enhanced compact, efficient absorption heat pumps.

Documents disponibles

Format PDF

Pages : 43-51

Disponible

  • Prix public

    20 €

  • Prix membre*

    Gratuit

* meilleur tarif applicable selon le type d'adhésion (voir le détail des avantages des adhésions individuelles et collectives)

Détails

  • Titre original : Experimental investigation of surfactant-enhanced ammonia-water absorption in a shell-and-tube absorber.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30028692
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Sujet : Technologie
  • Source : International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - 129
  • Date d'édition : 09/2021
  • DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2021.04.034
  • Disponible à la bibliothèque de l'IIF

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