Performance transitoire d'un régénérateur solaire à déshydratant liquide.

Transient performance of a liquid desiccant solar regenerator.

Numéro : pap. 2440



A solar liquid desiccant cooling system uses renewable energy and natural refrigerant (water) which makes it attractive. Its main components are air dehumidifier, solar liquid desiccant regenerator and direct/indirect evaporative cooler. In this cooling system, strong liquid desiccant absorbs water from air in the dehumidifier that must be rejected in the solar regenerator. This makes regeneration of a liquid desiccant one of the key processes in the cooling system that requires thermal energy. The energy needed for regeneration can be obtained from sun with the help of an open type solar collector cum regenerator. It also enables storage of energy in the form of regenerated desiccant for use during non-sunshine hours. Detailed analysis of the performance of this device has prime importance in integrating it with a liquid desiccant air cooling system. This entails the development and experimental performance testing of a liquid desiccant solar regenerator under actual weather conditions over the sunshine hours. A solar collector cum regenerator of effective solar area of 4 m2 was fabricated using corrugated sheet metals, layers of thermocol insulation, insulation wood box, glass supporting frames and glasses. The solar collector cum regenerator was mounted on a metal supporting structure inclined at 14° The corrugated absorber was coated with iron oxide, before black paint, to minimize corrosion. This paper presents transient regeneration performance of the solar collector cum regenerator in terms of increase in concentration, mass of water evaporated and solar collector cum regenerator efficiency. Desiccant concentration increase, total mass of water evaporated and mean daily solar collector cum regenerator efficiency during regeneration of LiCl and CaCl2 solutions were found to be 0.33-0.46 & 0.31-0.47; 13 & 17 kg and 36 & 43%, respectively. These typical results were obtained from experiments carried out on separate days between 9 am and 4 pm in the month of May. The mass of water evaporated was estimated using an equation derived by applying conservation of desiccant mass in the solution. The experimental procedure and the performance analysis technique used are useful in designing solar components of open cycle liquid desiccant cooling systems.

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Format PDF

Pages : 10 p.


  • Prix public

    20 €

  • Prix membre*

    15 €

* meilleur tarif applicable selon le type d'adhésion (voir le détail des avantages des adhésions individuelles et collectives)


  • Titre original : Transient performance of a liquid desiccant solar regenerator.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30013313
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Source : 2014 Purdue Conferences. 15th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue.
  • Date d'édition : 14/07/2014


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