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A fast and accurate one-dimensional model for building integrated phase change materials.

Un modèle rapide, précis et unidimensionnel pour les matériaux à changement de phase intégrés au bâtiment.

Numéro : pap. n. 175

Auteurs : MIRZAEI P. A., HAGHIGHAT F.

Résumé

The advanced buildings of tomorrow will need to take advantage of renewable, ambient and waste energy to approach ultra-low energy buildings. Such buildings will need to consider Thermal Energy Storage (TES) techniques customized for smaller loads. TES has attracted increasing attention due to the potential benefits it can deliver in energy efficiency, shift load from peak to off-peak, economics and environmental impact. Indeed the design of the building and the TES are often not coordinated, and advanced design tools and technical improvements are required in TES technology and systems. Even though various tools have been developed to model the behaviour of applied phase change materials (PCM), unacceptable accuracy and/or high computational time are addressed as their major drawbacks. This implies that the development of a fast and reliable model is necessary in order to simulate the long-term behaviour of these materials, especially for design and optimization.In this paper, therefore, a new and fast one-dimensional analytical model is proposed. The PCM behaviour is modeled using a RC-circuit concept containing variable capacities for resistant and capacitor. In this approach, the length of mushy, solid, and liquid phases in each period of time signifies the RC capacity. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed model, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is then developed. The prediction of the newly developed model is compared with the prediction made by the CFD. There are good agreements between the predictions, and the results clearly shows the high performance of the proposed model.

Documents disponibles

Format PDF

Pages : 11 p.

Disponible

  • Prix public

    20 €

  • Prix membre*

    15 €

* meilleur tarif applicable selon le type d'adhésion (voir le détail des avantages des adhésions individuelles et collectives)

Détails

  • Titre original : A fast and accurate one-dimensional model for building integrated phase change materials.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30008765
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Source : Clima 2013. 11th REHVA World Congress and 8th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Energy Conservation in Buildings.
  • Date d'édition : 16/06/2013

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