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Analyse de l’impact environnemental d’une pompe à chaleur basée sur l’effet élastocalorique.

Analysis of the environmental impact of a heat pump based on the elastocaloric effect.


Type d'article : Article de la RIF


Solid-state refrigeration can constitute a breakthrough point since based on solid-state refrigerants that do not have any direct greenhouse effect (GWP = 0). The refrigeration systems based on caloric effect can be categorized as: magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric or barocaloric. The theme of interest for the investigation introduced in this paper is elastoCaloric Effect (eCE).
In this paper the environmental impact in terms of Total Equivalent Warming Impact (TEWI) of an elastocaloric rotary device ensuring continuous fluxes of cold/hot air for the air conditioning applications is evaluated. The final aim is the construction of an experimental device based on eCE working as a heat pump that operates at peak performance and that would be eco-friendly. Indeed, a rotary two-dimensional model based on finite element method was developed to couple with the device during its realization. The device has been virtually tested while mounting various elastocaloric effect materials to examine and select the ones resulting most suitable both from energetical and environmental points of view. The evaluation of the environmental impact has been perpetuated through a TEWI analysis comparing the indexes of the elastocaloric prototype operating with different elastocaloric materials (Ni50.8Ti49.2, Ni55.9Ti44.1, Ni45Ti47.2Cu5V2.75, (Ni50Mn31.5Ti18.5)99.8B0.2 and PbTiO3) and a vapor compression heat pump (A++/A+) working with HFC32. The analysis was perpetuated for both the functioning modes: cooling and heating modes. The most remarkable data on the analysis is that only Ni55.92Ti44.08 and (Ni50Mn31.5Ti18.5)99.8B0.2 provide a significant reduction of the environmental impact (- 50/ - 60 %) appropriately selecting the operative conditions (air velocity ranging from 9 to 12 ms-1 and cycle frequency 0.4 ÷ 0.5 Hz).

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Pages : p. 161-172


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  • Titre original : Analysis of the environmental impact of a heat pump based on the elastocaloric effect.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30032029
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Sujet : Technologie
  • Source : International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - Vol. 156
  • Date d'édition : 12/2023
  • DOI :


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