• Accueil
  • Publications

  • The natural cycle of development applied to ref...

Document IIF

The natural cycle of development applied to refrigeration - winners and casualties.

Le cycle naturel de développement appliqué au froid : gagnants et perdants.

Numéro : 1106

Auteurs : LAWRENCE J. M. W.


Innovation occurs because of a change in the relationship between the environment, materials, technology and/or imagination. To illustrate natural variation, the plant development on a virgin site can be considered. If we take a cleared piece of land, soon after being cleared, a pioneer species will establish itself. Initially it will have no competition and it will spread throughout the space. Other species will follow and there will be a variety of species in the space. This variety of species rises to a maximum. This time/space is referred to as the time of maximal diversity. It is an unstable state. Competition continues and variety decreases – non-maximally adjusted species are weeded out. The pioneer may become extinct. The most successful predominate and the space may become a monoculture. This is called the climax level. It applies for that time/space.
The well understood biological model is used as the comparator. The varieties on the market of refrigerants, compressors, system structures, system controls are discussed in this light.

Documents disponibles

Format PDF

Pages : 8


  • Prix public

    20 €

  • Prix membre*


* meilleur tarif applicable selon le type d'adhésion (voir le détail des avantages des adhésions individuelles et collectives)


  • Titre original : The natural cycle of development applied to refrigeration - winners and casualties.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30027634
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Sujet : Généralités
  • Source : IIR Rankine Conference 2020.
  • Date d'édition : 31/07/2020
  • DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.18462/iir.rankine.2020.1106


Voir d'autres communications du même compte rendu (75)
Voir le compte rendu de la conférence