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Screening of future-proof working fluids for industrial high-temperature heat pumps up to 250 °C (part I).

Recherche de fluides actifs viables sur le long terme pour les pompes à chaleur industrielles haute température jusqu’à 250 °C (Partie I).

Numéro : 0007

Auteurs : PACHAI A. C., NORMANN J., ARPAGAUS C., HAFNER A.

Résumé

If industry wants to phase out fossil steam boilers, heat pumps will have to produce steam at a temperature of about 160 °C or higher, as this is a kind of standard in current steam systems. Even 250 °C is used in some drying processes where dry saturated steam is needed because it is hygroscopic. In addition, many district heating systems in Europe still operate at 120 °C, although new systems with lower supply temperatures are becoming a new standard. Overall, this situation has sparked interest in industrial high-temperature heat pumps (HTHPs). Very often, screening for possible new refrigerants or working fluids to be used in HTHPs does not provide the full picture, especially when considering the selection of everyday parameters such as valves, compressors and oil. Therefore, this paper uses NIST's software called Cycle_D (Version 6.0), which contains the latest refrigerant data from REFPROP (Version 10.0). For comparison, the Cycle_D_HX software has too many limitations to run the simulations for HTHPs. In this study, only the refrigerant cycle is considered, although much can be done to improve efficiency by optimizing the secondary side of the system. HTHPs with condensing temperatures above 90 °C and up to 250 °C are simulated in Cycle_D. The results show that there is no universal low-GWP refrigerant suitable for all applications up to about 230 °C. However, the hydrocarbons butane (R600), iso-butane (R600a), pentane (R601) and heptane (R603) are good environmentally friendly solutions. For temperatures above 230 to 250 °C, steam (R718) is probably the only option.

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Format PDF

Pages : 8

Disponible

  • Prix public

    20 €

  • Prix membre*

    Gratuit

* meilleur tarif applicable selon le type d'adhésion (voir le détail des avantages des adhésions individuelles et collectives)

Détails

  • Titre original : Screening of future-proof working fluids for industrial high-temperature heat pumps up to 250 °C (part I).
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30028944
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Source : 9th IIR Conference on Ammonia and CO2 Refrigeration Technologies. Proceedings: Ohrid, North Macedonia, 16-17 September, 2021
  • Date d'édition : 16/09/2021
  • DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.18462/iir.nh3-co2.2021.0007

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