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Progress in ground-source heat pumps using natural refrigerants.

Progrès dans les pompes à chaleur géothermiques utilisant des frigorigènes naturels.

Auteurs : WU W., SKYE H. M.

Type d'article : Article, Article de la RIF, Synthèse

Résumé

Natural refrigerants are attractive candidates for replacing the high Global-Warming-Potential fluorinated refrigerants used in ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs). This paper presents a comprehensive survey on GSHPs using CO2, NH3, water, and hydrocarbons. We compared the refrigerants’ thermodynamic properties, analyzed their performance in brine-to-air and brine-to-water GSHPs, and discussed recent progress in their use in GSHPs. Studies of CO2 were the most common due to its favorable properties, covering advanced cycles, direct-expansion, secondary fluid, and hybrid GSHPs. Though with toxicity concerns, NH3 was the second most studied, including vapor-compression GSHPs for heating, absorption-type GSHPs to eliminate ground imbalance, and hybrid compression-absorption GSHPs to widen the operating temperature range. A few studies evaluated water as a refrigerant for absorption-type GSHPs, including applications for solar cooling, ground imbalance, and district heating. Propane was the only hydrocarbon considered for GSHPs, including analyses on refrigerant charge, performance analysis, and propane as a secondary fluid..

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Format PDF

Pages : 70-85

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Détails

  • Titre original : Progress in ground-source heat pumps using natural refrigerants.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30024289
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Source : International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 92
  • Date d'édition : 08/2018
  • DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2018.05.028

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