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Inhibition of nucleation and growth of ice by poly(vinyl alcohol) in vitrification solution.

Inhibition de la nucléation et de la formation de glace grâce à la présence d'alcool polyvinylique dans une solution de vitrification.

Auteurs : WANG H. Y., INADA T., FUNAKOSHI K., et al.

Type d'article : Article

Résumé

Control of ice formation is crucial in cryopreservation of biological substances. Successful vitrification using several additives that inhibit ice nucleation in vitrification solutions has previously been reported. Among these additives, here we focused on a synthetic polymer, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), and investigated the effects of PVA on nucleation and growth of ice in 35% (w/w) aqueous 1,2-propanediol solution by using a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) system equipped with a cryomicroscope. First, the freezing temperature of the solution was measured using the DSC system, and then the change in ice fraction in the solution during cooling was evaluated based on images obtained using the cryomicroscope, at different concentrations of PVA between 0 and 3% (w/w). Based on the ice fraction, the change in residual solution concentration during cooling was also evaluated and then plotted on the state diagram of aqueous 1,2-propanediol solution. Results indicated that, when the partially glassy and partially frozen state was intentionally allowed, the addition of PVA effectively inhibited not only ice nucleation but also ice growth in the vitrification solution. The effect of PVA on ice growth in the vitrification solution was explained based on kinetic limitations mainly due to mass transport. The interfacial kinetics also might limit ice growth in the vitrification solution only when the ice growth rate decreased below a critical value. This coincides with the fact that PVA exhibits a unique antifreeze activity in the same manner as antifreeze proteins when ice growth rate is lower than a critical value. [Reprinted with permission from Elsevier. Copyright, 2009].

Détails

  • Titre original : Inhibition of nucleation and growth of ice by poly(vinyl alcohol) in vitrification solution.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 2009-2173
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Source : Cryobiology - vol. 59 - n. 1
  • Date d'édition : 08/2009
  • DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryobiol.2009.04.013

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