Disponibilité de frigorigènes à faible GWP comme alternatives aux HFC : faisabilité d'un remplacement précoce des HFC d'ici 2020.

Availability of low GWP alternatives to HFCs: feasibility of an early phase-out of HFCs by 2020.

Auteurs : KAUFFELD M.

Type de monographie : Brochure


Emissions of HFCs (excluding HFC-23 by-product) currently contribute around 1% of global greenhouse gas emissions, but are growing by 8-9% annually and have the potential to increase significantly in the future. This is due to their use as replacements for HCFCs and CFCs and because of rapidly increasing demand for refrigeration and air-conditioning in emerging economies.
The European Commission is currently conducting a review of the European Union’s Regulation on the Use of Certain Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases (“F-gas Regulation”) and recently published a report showing that the current measures will stabilise emissions at around 110 million tonnes CO2-equivalent per year until 2050. Later this year, the Commission will bring forward proposals to improve the performance of the Regulation, which is widely regarded as inadequate in the context of Europe’s greenhouse gas targets. Against this backdrop, this report explores the availability of alternatives to HFCs and the potential for ‘placing on the market prohibitions’ (POMs) of HFCs in new equipment as an effective way of reducing HFC emissions.
Extract from the table of contents: available alternatives (hydrocarbons; ammonia; carbon dioxide; water; unsaturated HFCs; secondary refrigerants; domestic, commercial, industrial and transport refrigeration; air conditioning; chillers; heat pumps; mobile air conditioning: car, truck, bus, rail, cargo and passenger ship); placing on the market prohibitions (experiences from selected sectors and countries); impacts of POM and quantitative limits for POM; additional measures to reduce HFC emissions (recovery, containment, drop-in replacements, HFC taxes, Danish and Norwegian experiences).


  • Titre original : Availability of low GWP alternatives to HFCs: feasibility of an early phase-out of HFCs by 2020.
  • Identifiant de la fiche : 30004078
  • Langues : Anglais
  • Sujet : Réglementation, Environnement, Alternatives aux HFC
  • Édition : Eia (environmental investigation agency) - Etats-unis/Etats-unis
  • Date d'édition : 05/2012