International activities: Conferences

- The 3rd International Conference on Energy Research and Development (ICERD-3) took place in Kuwait City on November 21-23, 2005. This IIR co-sponsored conference emphasized the necessity of energy saving, even in oil-producing countries, in order to preserve resources and mitigate climate change. - The International Conference on Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning, an IIR-co-sponsored conference, took place in Belgrade, Serbia, on November 30 to December 2, 2005; many papers on the efficiency of refrigerating equipment with different refrigerants were presented.