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International regulations

 

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

 

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and came into force in 1994. It is part of one of the three so-called "Rio Conventions". In 2015, it had been ratified by 195 countries. It is based on three main principles: the precautionary principle, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, and the principle of the right to development. The Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement are derived from this Convention.

 

Main objectives: combat against global warming, reduce greenhouse gases (GHG).
Convention website: unfccc.int
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change website: IPCC

 

 

Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer


The Vienna Convention was adopted in 1985 and entered into force in 1985. In 2009, it became the first Convention to have been universally ratified. It offers a framework, completed by the Montreal Protocol, that imposes binding rules for the parties involved, which should reduce or phase out the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS). The Kigali Amendment was introduced to complement the Montreal Protocol in 2016 and specifically targets "hydrofluorocarbon" (HFC) type refrigerants. HFCs are not ODS but greenhouse gases, and were already covered by the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol.

 

Main objectives: protect the ozone layer, reduce the consumption and production of ozone depleting substances, contribute to the fight against global warming (Kigali Amendment).

Website of the United Nations Treaty Collection: UNTC

UN Environment website: unenvironment.org

 

 

Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Canada, 1987)

 

 

Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol (Rwanda, 2016)

 

 

 

 

International agreements on the carriage of perishable foodstuffs

 

Carriage of perishable foodstuffs with special equipment (ATP)

 

 

Carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR)

 

 

 

Carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterways (ADN)

 

 

 

 

Regional regulations

 
European regulations on certain fluorinated gases (F-gas)

 

F-gaz regulation no 517/2014

 

Full text

Regulation no 1516/2007 on leakage checking

 

Full text

Regulation no 1493/2007 on data reporting format

 

Full text

Regulation no 1494/2007 on labelling

 

Full text

 

F-Gas regulation: Implementing Acts

 

See

European Directive no 2006/40 relating to emissions from air-conditioning in motor vehicles (F-gaz)

 

Full text

 

European regulation relating to the ozone layer and climate change

 

European Regulation no 1005/2009 concerning substances that deplete the ozone layer

 

 

European Regulation no 525/2013 on a mecanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions [...]

 

Full text

 

European Standard EN 378: Refrigerating systems & heat pumps - Safety & environmental requirements

 

 

IOR summary

 
National regulations

 
American Standard ANSI/ASHRAE 34: Designation and Safety Classification of Refrigerants 

 

IIR summary