Files on regulations and standards
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United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and came into force in 1994. It is part of one of the three so-called "Rio Conventions". In 2015, it had been ratified by 195 countries. It is based on three main principles: the precautionary principle, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, and the principle of the right to development. The Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement are derived from this Convention.
Main objectives: combat against global warming, reduce greenhouse gases (GHG).
Convention website: unfccc.int
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change website: IPCC
Kyoto Protocol (Japan, 1997)
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
The Vienna Convention was adopted in 1985 and entered into force in 1985. In 2009, it became the first Convention to have been universally ratified. It offers a framework, completed by the Montreal Protocol, that imposes binding rules for the parties involved, which should reduce or phase out the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS). The Kigali Amendment was introduced to complement the Montreal Protocol in 2016 and specifically targets "hydrofluorocarbon" (HFC) type refrigerants. HFCs are not ODS but greenhouse gases, and were already covered by the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol.
Main objectives: protect the ozone layer, reduce the consumption and production of ozone depleting substances, contribute to the fight against global warming (Kigali Amendment).
Website of the United Nations Treaty Collection: UNTC
UN Environment website: unenvironment.org
Montreal Protocol on Substances
that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Canada, 1987)
Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol (Rwanda, 2016)
International agreements on the carriage of perishable foodstuffs
Carriage of perishable foodstuffs
with special equipment (ATP)
Carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR)
Carriage of dangerous goods
by inland waterways (ADN)
European regulations on certain fluorinated gases (F-gas)
European regulation relating to the ozone layer and climate change
European Regulation no 1005/2009 concerning substances that deplete the ozone layer
European Regulation no 525/2013 on a mecanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions [...]
European Standard EN 378: Refrigerating systems & heat pumps - Safety & environmental requirements
American Standard ANSI/ASHRAE 34: Designation and Safety Classification of Refrigerants
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