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Modern cryosurgical techniques and devices

Since the 80’s, device miniaturization makes it possible to introduce endoscopic cryoprobes through natural channels (bronchia, urethra…) without requiring traditional surgery.

__truncato_root__>The use of cold temperatures to freeze cancer cells dates back to James Arnott’s first experiments in England using crushed ice and sodium chloride to freeze breast and uterine cancers around 1845. However, it wasn’t before 1961, with Dr. Irving Cooper’s invention of liquid nit...

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