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CFD simulation and experimental validation of a GM type double inlet pulse tube refrigerator.

Author(s) : BANJARE Y. P., SAHOO R. K., SARANGI S. K.

Type of article: Article

Summary

Pulse tube refrigerator has the advantages of long life and low vibration over the conventional cryocoolers, such as GM and Stirling coolers because of the absence of moving parts in low temperature. This paper performs a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation of a GM type double inlet pulse tube refrigerator (DIPTR) vertically aligned, operating under a variety of thermal boundary conditions. A commercial CFD software package, Fluent 6.1 is used to model the oscillating flow inside a pulse tube refrigerator. The simulation represents fully coupled systems operating in steady-periodic mode. The externally imposed boundary conditions are sinusoidal pressure inlet by user defined function at one end of the tube and constant temperature or heat flux boundaries at the external walls of the cold-end heat exchangers. The experimental method to evaluate the optimum parameters of DIPTR is difficult. On the other hand, developing a computer code for CFD analysis is equally complex. The objectives of the present investigations are to ascertain the suitability of CFD based commercial package, Fluent for study of energy and fluid flow in DIPTR and to validate the CFD simulation results with available experimental data. The general results, such as the cool down behaviours of the system, phase relation between mass flow rate and pressure at cold end, the temperature profile along the wall of the cooler and refrigeration load are presented for different boundary conditions of the system. The results confirm that CFD based Fluent simulations are capable of elucidating complex periodic processes in DIPTR. The results also show that there is an excellent agreement between CFD simulation results and experimental results. [Reprinted with permission from Elsevier. Copyright, 2010].

Details

  • Original title: CFD simulation and experimental validation of a GM type double inlet pulse tube refrigerator.
  • Record ID : 2010-1011
  • Languages: English
  • Source: Cryogenics - vol. 50 - n. 4
  • Publication date: 2010/04
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryogenics.2010.01.013

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