Investigation on a two-stage solar liquid-desiccant (LiBr) dehumidification system assisted by CaCl2 solution.

Author(s) : XIONG Z. Q., DAI Y. J., WANG R. Z.

Type of article: Article

Summary

A two-stage solar powered liquid-desiccant dehumidification system, for which two kinds of desiccant solution (lithium chloride and calcium bromide) are fed to the two dehumidification stages separately, has been studied. In the studied system, air moisture (latent) load is separately removed by a pre-dehumidifier using cheap calcium chloride (CaCl2) and a main dehumidifier using stable lithium bromide (LiBr). Side-effect of mixing heat rejected during dehumidification process is considerably alleviated by an indirect evaporative cooling unit added between the two dehumidification stages. The feasibility of high-desiccant concentration difference achieved by reusing desiccant solution to dehumidify air and regenerating desiccant repeatedly is analyzed. By increasing desiccant concentration difference, desiccant storage capacity is effectively explored. It is found that the pre-dehumidification effect of CaCl2 solution is significant in high ambient humidity condition. Also seen is that the desiccant investment can be decreased by 53%, though the cost of equipments is somewhat increased, and the Tcop and COP of the proposed system can reach 0.97 and 2.13, respectively. [Reprinted with permission from Elsevier. Copyright, 2008].

Details

  • Original title: Investigation on a two-stage solar liquid-desiccant (LiBr) dehumidification system assisted by CaCl2 solution.
  • Record ID : 2009-0748
  • Languages: English
  • Source: Applied thermal Engineering - vol. 29 - n. 5-6
  • Publication date: 2009/04

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