Numerical Investigation on Backward-Injection Film Cooling with Upstream Ramps.

Author(s) : ZHANG S., WANG C., TAN X., ZHANG J., GUO J.

Type of article: Periodical article


The present study investigates the effects of upstream ramps on a backward-injection film cooling over a flat surface. Two ramp structures, referred to as a straight-wedge-shaped ramp (SWR) and sand-dune-shaped ramp (SDR), are considered under a series of blowing ratios ranging from M = 0.5 to M = 1.5. Regarding the backward injection, the key mechanism of upstream ramps on film cooling enhancement is suggested to be the enlargement of the horizontal scale of the separate wake vortices and the reduction of their normal dimension. When compared to the SDR, the SWR modifies the backward coolant injection well, such that a larger volume of coolant is suctioned and concentrated in the near-field region at the film-hole trailing edge. As a consequence, the SWR demonstrates a more pronounced enhancement in film cooling than the SDR in the backward-injection process, which is the opposite of the result for the forward-injection scheme. For the SWR, the backward injection provides a better film cooling effectiveness than the forward injection, regardless of blowing ratios. However, for the SDR, the backward injection could show a superior effect to the forward injection on film cooling enhancement, when the blowing ratio is beyond a critical blowing ratio. In the present SDR situation, the critical blowing ratio is identified to be M = 1.0.

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Pages: 20 p.




  • Original title: Numerical Investigation on Backward-Injection Film Cooling with Upstream Ramps.
  • Record ID : 30029900
  • Languages: English
  • Subject: Technology
  • Source: Energies - 15 - 12
  • Publishers: MDPI
  • Publication date: 2022/06
  • DOI:


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