Testing and modelling a scroll expander integrated into an organic Rankine cycle.

Author(s) : LEMORT V., QUOILIN S., CUEVAS C., et al.

Type of article: Article


Organic Rankine cycles (ORC's) are particularly suitable for recovering energy from low-grade heat sources. This paper first presents the results of an experimental study carried out on a prototype of an open-drive oil-free scroll expander integrated into an ORC working with refrigerant HCFC-123. By exploiting the overall expander performance measurements, the eight parameters of a scroll expander semi-empirical model are then identified. The model is able to compute variables of first importance such as the mass flow rate, the delivered shaft power and the discharge temperature, and secondary variables such as the supply heating-up, the exhaust cooling-down, the ambient losses, the internal leakage and the mechanical losses. The maximum deviation between the predictions by the model and the measurements is 2% for the mass flow rate, 5% for the shaft power and 3 K for the discharge temperature. The validated model of the expander is finally used to quantify the different losses and to indicate how the design of the expander might be altered to achieve better performances. This analysis pointed out that the internal leakages and, to a lesser extent, the supply pressure drop and the mechanical losses are the main losses affecting the performance of the expander. [Reprinted with permission from Elsevier. Copyright, 2009].


  • Original title: Testing and modelling a scroll expander integrated into an organic Rankine cycle.
  • Record ID : 2009-2187
  • Languages: English
  • Source: Applied Thermal Engineering - vol. 29 - n. 14-15
  • Publication date: 2009/10
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2009.04.013


See other articles in this issue (5)
See the source