• Home page
  • Publications

  • Thermodynamic study of the effects of ambient a...

Thermodynamic study of the effects of ambient air conditions on the thermal performance characteristics of a closed wet cooling tower.

Author(s) : PAPAEFTHIMIOU V. D., ROGDAKIS E. D., KORONAKI I. P., et al.

Type of article: Article

Summary

A thermodynamic model was developed and used to assess the sensitivity of thermal performance characteristics of a closed wet cooling tower to inlet air conditions. In the present study, three cases of different ambient conditions are considered: In the first case, the average mid-winter and mid-summer conditions as well as the extreme case of high temperature and relative humidity, in Athens (Greece) during summer are considered according to the Greek Regulation for Buildings Energy Performance. In the second case, the varied inlet air relative humidity while the inlet air dry bulb temperature remains constant were taken into account. In the last case, the effects on cooling tower thermal behaviour when the inlet air wet bulb temperature remains constant were examined. The proposed model is capable of predicting the variation of air thermodynamic properties, sprayed water and serpentine water temperature inside the closed wet cooling tower along its height. The reliability of simulations was tested against experimental data, which were obtained from literature. Thus, the proposed model could be used for the design of industrial and domestic applications of conventional air-conditioning systems as well as for sorption cooling systems with solid and liquid desiccants where closed wet cooling towers are used for precooling the liquid solutions. The most important result of this theoretical investigation is that the highest fall of serpentine water temperature and losses of sprayed water are observed for the lowest value of inlet wet bulb temperature. Hence, the thermal effectiveness, which is associated with the temperature reduction of serpentine water as well as the operational cost, which is related to the sprayed water loss due to evaporation, of a closed wet cooling tower depend predominantly on the degree of saturation of inlet air.

Details

  • Original title: Thermodynamic study of the effects of ambient air conditions on the thermal performance characteristics of a closed wet cooling tower.
  • Record ID : 30005530
  • Languages: English
  • Source: Applied thermal Engineering - vol. 33-34
  • Publication date: 2012/02
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.09.035

Links


See other articles in this issue (8)
See the source