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Efficient cooling methods to reduce heat stress in pigs

Microclimate parameters such as air temperature and humidity are important indicators of animal welfare. Besides, heat stress is more detrimental to productivity in the swine industry than swine diseases. Several cooling methods are effective in reducing heat stress in pigs while being energy efficient.



Indicators of animal welfare include variations in parameters related to animal physiology, behaviour, and productivity as well as microclimate parameters such as temperature and humidity. The increase in the frequency of heat waves observed ...

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