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  • Data centers: cooling technologies and trends

    Over the next five to ten years, the use of traditional computer room air-conditioning units is expected to drop dramatically as data centres opt for a combination of free cooling, liquid cooling and chilled-water cooling.

    • Publication date : 2015/11/26
  • Alternative Cooling Technologies conference, London, 1st February 2005

    This conference, which was co-sponsored by the UK Institute of Refrigeration and organised commercially by RAC magazine, was well attended with about 140 people present. It was arranged in five sessions. In the first session, speakers from UK...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/11
  • New decisions on environmental issues

    Environmental issues will certainly continue to be the main driver of evolution in the refrigeration sector in the coming decades. Newsletter No. 37 mentioned new orientations decided during the latest United Nations conferences on the ozone layer...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • New F-gases Regulation

    Regulation (EC) No. 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of May 17, 2006 on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) entered into force on July 4, 2006. It shall apply with effect from July 4, 2007 in the 25 European Member...

    • Publication date : 2006/10/25
  • New F-gases Regulation: an ambitious

    Regulation (EC) No. 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of May 17, 2006 on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) entered into force on July 4, 2006. It shall apply with effect from July 4, 2007 in the 25 European Member...

    • Publication date : 2006/11/14
  • New environmental measures are emerging

    Two important (for the refrigeration and air-conditioning sector) United Nations conferences take place every year, on ozone depletion and on climate change. The IIR attends these conferences and presents a statement as an intergovernmental...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/24
  • 2005 AHR Expo Innovation award winners

    The winners of the third annual AHR (Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration) Expo Innovation awards will be honoured during a ceremony during the 2005 AHR Expo in Orlando, Florida, on February 8, 2005. The product entries were judged for...

    • Publication date : 2004/12/22
  • GeoExchange coalition: promoting earth-energy heat pumps

    A coalition for the promotion of earth-energy heat pumps, called the GeoExchange Coalition has been formed in Canada. Five electric utilities formed this coalition in an effort to significantly increase the number of annual installations for...

    • Publication date : 2004/09/14
  • HFO-1234yf news

    HFO-1234yf, developed by DuPont and Honeywell as a substitute for HFC-134a in mobile air-conditioning applications in response to EU 2006/40 Directive which bans the use of refrigerants with a GWP higher than 150 in new types of vehicles by...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Briefs: solar air-conditioning prototype

    As part of the European programme Solera, CEA LITEN researchers recently set up a 4.5-kW solar air-conditioning prototype in the facilities of the INES (French National Institute of Solar Energy) in Chambéry in the French Alps, where the system...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • F-gas Regulation

    The European Union's "F-gas" Regulation No. 842/2006 is now applied with effect on July 4, 2007 in the 27 European Member States. This Regulation aims at minimizing emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases, including HFCs. -For stationary...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • R&D topics

    In this issue of the Newsletter dedicated to environmental issues, we present several initiatives related to promising refrigeration technologies or applications which have the potential to decrease the environmental impact of refrigeration plants...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • AC Market in Europe

    According to Daikin Industries Ltd., the European air-conditioning (AC) market has features that could appear as commercial obstacles, including relatively mild climate, even in Mediterranean areas. Concern for cityscape issues leads to resistance...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • The first air-conditioned stadium in Qatar

    Qatar recently completed the installation of air conditioning in the Khalifa International Stadium, in preparation for FIFA World Cup 2022.

    • Publication date : 2017/07/10
  • Individual air conditioning for aircraft seats

    Fraunhofer partner Gentherm has developed an air-conditioned seat for business-class.

    • Publication date : 2018/05/18
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)