The UAE ratifies the Kigali Amendment

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) becomes the 159th country to ratify the Kigali Amendment.

On April 19, 2024, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) ratified the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. As a Group 2 Article 5 party to the Kigali Amendment, the UAE is required to freeze HFC production by 2028 and reduce its HFC consumption by 85% by 2047, compared to its average HFC consumption from 2024 to 2026. The UAE is also required to reduce its HCFC consumption by 65% compared to average baseline consumption in 2009 and 2010.

The UAE is the first among the six member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to have ratified the Kigali Amendment.


Ratification of the Kigali Amendment is part of the Global Cooling Pledge commitments defined at COP28. The UAE is one of the 70 countries to have signed the Global Cooling Pledge, thereby contributing to the collective effort to reduce global emissions from cooling by 68% by 2050.


  • The list of countries that have accepted, ratified or approved the Kigali Amendment is available online in the United Nations Treaty Collection.
  • The IIR has prepared a summary sheet on the Kigali Amendment, available in FRIDOC.