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  • HFC regulation

    The United States continues to legislate on HFCs. India, El Salvador and Serbia ratify the Kigali Amendment. 

    • Publication date : 2021/10/25
  • Unreported HFC-23 emissions

    A report published in Geophysical Research Letters says that Western Europe's emissions of HFC-23 are around twice as high as the officially reported level within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol.

    • Publication date : 2011/12/15
  • HFC emissions data

    By using atmospheric measurements, the authors of a recent study published in the PNAS have found that the total CO2-equivalent emissions of the five most common HFCs increased from 198 (175–221) Tg-CO2-eq·y–1 in 2007 to 275 (246–304)...

    • Publication date : 2015/08/05
    • Subjects: Figures, economy, HFCs alternatives
  • EU: High-GWP HFC shortages and price rises

    Several refrigeration associations in the EU have warned of severe refrigerant supply problems in their countries.

    • Publication date : 2018/03/21
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • HFC consumption in Bangladesh

    According to a UNEP document published in June 2017, the HFC consumption in Bangladesh was of 810.68 metric tonnes, including 94.5% of R134a.

    • Publication date : 2017/10/20
    • Subjects: Developing country, HFCs alternatives
  • Refrigerant news: tax on HFC

    In Denmark, the tax on HFC refrigerants was increased recently. This tax, which is directly proportional to the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of the refrigerant, now represents 20 € per kg of refrigerant for a GWP of 1000. As an example, for...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Briefs: HFC-free refrigeration, naturally

    Three more companies have joined Refrigerants, Naturally!, a unique public-private partnership that promotes HFC-free refrigeration technologies that protect the Earth's climate and ozone layer for "point-of-sale" applications. The founding...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • Australia announces HFC phase-down.

    Australia goes further than the Kigali deal and announces a 85% phase-down target before 2036.

    • Publication date : 2017/01/16
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives
  • Review of CFC and HFC-free refrigerators worldwide

    At the beginning of December 2004, Brazil's first CFC and HFC-free refrigerator rolled off the BSH Bosh und Siemens Hausegerate GmbH production line. Following implementation for several years in Europe , then in Australia , China , India and...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/10
  • Brief: ARI call for HFC regulations

    The vice-president of engineering and research at the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI), Mark Menzer, (also the US delegate to the IIR), stated during the ARI Spring meeting that ARI would like the US Environmental Protection...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • Status of HFC taxes in Europe

    Four countries (Denmark, Norway, Slovenia and Spain) have now implemented an HFC tax and 3 other countries (France, Poland and Sweden) are considering implementation of such a tax.

    • Publication date : 2014/05/22
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • Jordan looks to curb HFC emissions

    The Jordan Ministry of Environment will start identifying sectors producing short-lived climate pollutants including HFCs.

    • Publication date : 2015/06/25
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • Increase of HFC refrigerants' price in Europe.

    Several manufacturers have announced a price increase for HFC refrigerants in Europe.

    • Publication date : 2014/12/21
    • Subjects: Figures, economy, HFCs alternatives
  • HFC phase down in New Zealand

    The government of New Zealand recently published a consultation document listing the steps required to ratify the Kigali Amendment.

    • Publication date : 2017/08/18
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives
  • Canada and Mexico HFC policy strategy

    During ATMOsphere America in Chicago in June 2016, Canadian and Mexican government representatives presented their HFC phase-down strategies.

    • Publication date : 2016/08/05
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Global warming potential (GWP) of HFC refrigerants

    Using the latest updated data from UNEP’s RTOC 2022 report, we have compiled the 100-year GWP and 20-year GWP values of hydrofluorocarbon-based (HFC) refrigerants. Our table includes...

    • Last update : 2023/09/15
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : HFCs
  • Global HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector

    This table shows HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector – including air conditioning – in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent for about 40 countries that are signatories...

    • Last update : 2022/01/20
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs