Hybrid Solar-Driven Desalination/Cooling Systems: Current Situation and Future Trend.


Global warming and climate change, accompanied and assisted by rapid economic and population growth, are causing a sharp rise in cooling demands and stressing the already-limited supply of freshwater for many countries worldwide, especially those developing under hot-climate conditions. Thus, it is imperative to find solutions to meet cooling and freshwater needs without negatively affecting the environment and exacerbating the global warming problem. Solar-driven hybrid desalination/cooling technologies are a promising solution that can help in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing overall efficiency and energy savings. The present study summarizes research efforts in meeting cooling and freshwater demands using the available solar resources. Various solar desalination technologies, such as multi-effect distillation (MED), single and multi-stage flash (MSF), reverse osmosis (RO), adsorption, absorption desalination, and membrane distillation (MD), and their integration with different cooling technologies, are reported. The study reported system performance indicators, such as water production rate, cooling capacity, Coefficient of Performance, and freshwater cost.

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Pages: 25 p.




  • Original title: Hybrid Solar-Driven Desalination/Cooling Systems: Current Situation and Future Trend.
  • Record ID : 30030861
  • Languages: English
  • Subject: Technology
  • Source: Energies - 15 - 21
  • Publishers: MDPI
  • Publication date: 2022/11
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en15218099


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