IIR document

Research on the flammability hazards of an air conditioner using refrigerant R-290.

Author(s) : ZHANG W., YANG Z., LI J., et al.

Type of article: Article, IJR article


Currently, hydrochlorofluorocarbons and hydrofluorocarbons are the most common refrigerants used for air conditioners. Due to ozone depletion and high global warming potential, environmentally benign options such as hydrocarbons are under consideration. Whilst R290 (propane) has favourable system performance, environmental characteristics and cost, it is a flammable substance, thereby posing additional risks. This study addresses the associated flammability concerns through a number of risk-related sub-studies. These include evaluating the distribution of R290 following a leak in room, overpressure arising from ignition of a flammable mixture, severity of a secondary fire and total heat release rate in the event of an external fire imposed upon an R290 system. It is found that the possibility of refrigerant existing within the flammable range is limited only to the region very close to the indoor unit. Besides, low overpressures in the event of ignition and limited additional heat flux in the event of external fire were registered.

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Pages: 1483-1494


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  • Original title: Research on the flammability hazards of an air conditioner using refrigerant R-290.
  • Record ID : 30008138
  • Languages: English
  • Source: International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 36 - n. 5
  • Publication date: 2013/08


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