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  • Cool brick, a clue for natural refrigeration in desert environments.

    Virgina San Fratello and Ronald Rael have potentially found a way to cool indoor air temperatures in desert environments.

    • Publication date : 2017/03/05
  • Refrigerant news: Refrigerant shortage

    The refrigeration sector is facing a shortage of R134a, employed as a refrigerant or as a component used in the making of R404A. This is due to several factors: a lack of raw materials, the stopping of production of factories in Asia, low...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Fake refrigerants cause havoc

    A series of reefer explosions could have been caused by impure refrigerants

    • Publication date : 2012/03/19
  • Refrigerants Naturally

    During the conference Refrigerants Naturally held by UNEP and Greenpeace on June 22, 2004 in Brussels, Belgium, three companies reported on their global environmental actions and presented their objectives in this field: - Coca-Cola (Jeff...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/10
  • BOC’s refrigerants team

    According to BOC's refrigerants team, one in three plants runs on contaminatedrefrigerant. BOC's team tested over 50 industrial installations and found that 36% of refrigerant blends tested did not meet specifications and required complete...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • Refrigerants: R-422A

    ISCEON®79, a refrigerant manufactured by Rhodia UK, now has an ASHRAE designation: R-422A. A safety classification of A1 (non-toxic / non-flammable) is recommended, subject to public review. Presented at IKK in Nuremberg, Germany, on October...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/10
  • Incidents with fake refrigerants

    Incidents involving fake refrigerants have hit the headlines on various occasions recently. The incidents often involve R40 (methyl chloride), a hazardous chemical compound, or other substances.

    • Publication date : 2012/08/17
  • Briefs: Illegal refrigerants

    Over 108 tonnes of illegal refrigerant have been seized by customs officers around the world in a special operation code-named Sky-hole Patching II. The joint operation by the World Customs Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • New NIST screening method for refrigerants

    Researchers from the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed a computational method to identify candidate low-GWP refrigerant fluids. The method identified 1234 promising low-GWP chemicals among 56 203 considered.

    • Publication date : 2012/11/20
  • BOC Refrigerants acquire CARE®

    On January 31, 2005, BOC announced that it had completed a deal with Calor Gas Limited to purchase the company's CARE® range if environmentally sensitive refrigerants. The deal also includes Calor's UK aerosol propellants business and sales,...

    • Publication date : 2005/03/15
  • Australia: Code of Practice for Flammable Refrigerants

    Faced with the rising use of flammable refrigerants, AIRAH has issued a draft Code of Practice for handling these gases.

    • Publication date : 2013/09/12
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • Natural refrigerants in developing countries

    Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) is helping developing countries accelerate the phase-out of ozone-depleting refrigerants. It recently published a report comprising over 30 articles from government, industry and academia, and...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Natural refrigerants in emerging countries: GTZ

    Within the International Climate Initiative, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) is implementing a project aiming to introduce R290 (propane) room air-conditioning systems in China in order to replace HCFC-22. Endowed...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • European Union: insufficient training on low-GWP refrigerants

    Within the context of the revision of the EU F-gas Regulation that could include measures in favour of decreased use of HFCs in refrigerating equipment, AREA sought an overview of the availability and level of training regarding low-GWP and in...

    • Publication date : 2012/05/03
  • Guide 2013: Natural Refrigerants - Market Growth for North America

    The new Guide 2013: Natural Refrigerants - Market Growth for North America gives an overview of the status of ammonia, CO2, hydrocarbons, water and air as refrigerants in various sectors (food chain, city & buildings, transport, and industry...

    • Publication date : 2013/05/06
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Global warming potential (GWP) of HFC refrigerants

    Using the latest updated data from UNEP’s RTOC 2022 report, we have compiled the 100-year GWP and 20-year GWP values of hydrofluorocarbon-based (HFC) refrigerants. Our table includes...

    • Last update : 2023/09/15
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : HFCs
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, HFO et HCFO, Blends
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFO et HCFO, Blends
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG