IIR document

The first of its kind EU legislation on renewable cooling: Status and challenges.

Author(s) : FIKIIN K., COULOMB D.

Type of article: IJR article


The authors of this article have participated past year in a stakeholders’ party observing a working group of European researchers and academics who were elaborating the renewable cooling provisions of the revised EU Renewable Energy Directive. A number of conclusions and recommendations in this context, based on the draft documents, have been summarised by Fikiin & Coulomb (2021). These joint endeavours resulted in publishing ‘Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) …/… of 14.12.2021 amending Annex VII to Directive (EU) 2018/2001 as regards a methodology for calculating the amount of renewable energy used for cooling and district cooling’ (EC, 2021a, 2021b). The Delegated Act is going to be published soon in the Official Journal of the EU, after a 2-month scrutiny within the European Parliament and the Council.
While the existing Directive (EU) 2018/2001 on the promotion of energy from renewable sources (REDII) outlines the methodology to calculate the shares of renewable energy in electricity, transport and heating, no unified EU-wide methodology on how to account for renewable cooling was available so far. Simultaneously, given the growing demand for cooling and its significant share of the EU27 final energy consumption, there was a critical need to fully integrate the sector of artificial cooling into the EU renewable energy framework.
We are therefore delighted that the renewable cooling has recently been spotlighted by the responsible EU authorities and stakeholders’ organisations, which succeeded to partially fill in the existing gap by developing and issuing the above-named Delegated Regulation (EC, 2021a, 2021b) to amend REDII. As is known, the latter obliges Member States to endeavour increasing the share of renewable energy in heating and cooling by 1.3% annually. Furthermore, REDII sets an indicative 1% as an annual increase target for district heating and cooling. Last but not least, REDII requires that renewable energy in heating and cooling is counted when calculating the share of renewable energy in gross final consumption of energy for the purposes of fulfilling the EU's 32% renewable energy target for 2030.
Due to the newly adopted legislation (EC, 2021a, 2021b), for the first time renewable cooling is coming out of the shadow of its heating counterpart, thereby turning into a major factor when achieving the EU Green Deal's objective to build a carbon-neutral economy across EU27 by 2050.

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Pages: 51-52


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  • Original title: The first of its kind EU legislation on renewable cooling: Status and challenges.
  • Record ID : 30029545
  • Languages: English
  • Source: International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 137
  • Publication date: 2022/05
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2022.02.016
  • Document available for consultation in the library of the IIR headquarters only.


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