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  • Refrigeration’s contribution to CCS

    Led by IFP (France), the European research project Cocate - which brings together 8 other research and industrial partners worldwide for a budget of 4.5 million € - tackles the problems of rolling out a shared transportation infrastructure capable...

    • Publication date : 2010/05/27
  • Marine refrigeration

    The use of natural refrigerants is gradually spreading. Here are two examples of their use in the marine sector: - Environmentally-friendly fish transport American Freedom is one of the world's largest refrigerated ships and can hold up to...

    • Publication date : 2007/11/20
  • Optical refrigeration

    A team in New Mexico University has created the first-ever optical cryocooler that could be applied to airborne and spaceborne sensors. It uses optical refrigeration which could enable miniaturization, an alternative to bulky mechanical...

    • Publication date : 2010/05/27
  • Refrigeration education!

    "Eat Smart and Be Smart" is the slogan of the social marketing campaign that was launched in Barbados on July 12, 2005 by the Barbados Ministry of Education in collaboration with the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO). The aim of the campaign...

    • Publication date : 2005/09/30
  • Micro-refrigeration

    Future computer chips will probablly generate 10 times more heat than today's microprocessors and will require new types of cooling systems. Currently, computers are usually cooled thanks to fans and small finned devices called heat sinks, but the...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • US refrigeration efficiency

    Commercial refrigeration manufacturers developed a Consensus Agreement that is to be put forward to the US Department of Energy (DOE) and members of Congress in the hope that it shall be included in new energy efficiency legislation. According to...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • Refrigeration and Food

    Given the ever-increasing processing and exportation of food, world food is consuming more and more energy by the day: a trend that threatens to send food prices rocketing overnight if not taken in hand. The US food system alone uses over 10.55 x...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • Briefs: magnetic refrigeration

    Camfridge, which is developing magnetic gas-free refrigeration technology, has been ranked top of its category - electricals - in the Guardian/Library House "Cleantech 100" list. The 100 European companies that make up the list are selected by an...

    • Publication date : 2008/10/22
  • Brief: Star Refrigeration

    Star Refrigeration, a corporate member of the IIR,won two ACR News Awards presented at a ceremony attended by over 400 guests, held in Birmingham , UK , during RAC05. Star won the Contractor of the Year Award for companies with a turnover of over...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Axima Refrigeration France

    There are only 12 helium production sites in the world, essentially located in the USA, Algeria and Australia. Axima Refrigeration France, a corporate member of the IIR, has supplied equipment to Qatar as part of one of the largest helium recovery...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • Nitrogen for transport refrigeration systems

    Today the refrigerated transport sector above all uses a diesel-fuelled refrigeration units. Several refrigeration companies such as Casino, Safeway, Woolworth, Nisa, ASDA are proactively trying to reduce their carbon footprints.

    • Publication date : 2013/04/18
  • Markets: Russian refrigeration market

    The Russian refrigeration market is rapidly expanding. According to Alexander Baranenko, Chairman of the International Academy of Refrigeration, 300 000 companies are currently involved in refrigeration in Russia. About 6 million refrigerating...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/24
  • Brief: Industrial Refrigeration Consensus

    During the Industrial RefrigerationConsensus hosted by Danfoss, held in December 2004 in Sønderborg , Denmark , the main following points were reached through workshop discussions with focus on the industrial refrigeration issues (thus the points...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Magnetic refrigeration: future applications

    The magnetocaloric effect was discovered in 1881 and has been used in cryophysics since the 1930s, but thanks to recent developments in material science, this technology can now be used at room temperature. Several projects involving this...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • ICR2011 highlights: micro-refrigeration development

    Micro-refrigeration development was one of the important themes of the IIR Congress in Prague.

    • Publication date : 2011/12/15
  • 2008, Refrigeration Year

    Many events and actions have already been scheduled or have already taken place in various countries in order to celebrate the IIR's centenary and the 100th anniversaries of several national associations of refrigeration (France, the Netherlands,...

    • Publication date : 2008/05/13
  • Refrigeration Fundamentals on sale!

    The IIR's latest course, Refrigeration Fundamentals - Educational Course, will be available within a few weeks. Refrigeration Fundamentals, by André Pilatte - Delegate of Belgium to the IIR and Professor at the Faculté Polytechnique de Mons -...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • International Dictionary of Refrigeration

    A new International Dictionary of Refrigeration has just been published! The first volume off the press is the English-French version in the IIR's official languages, English and French, comprising about 4400 terms with their definitions. This...

    • Publication date : 2007/11/20
  • Valuable publications: Refrigeration Fundamentals

    Refrigeration Fundamentals: this IIR course deals with refrigeration fundamentals, components of refrigeration plants, the refrigerants and lubricants used, and control systems. It is an attractive and valuable teaching tool that technicians and...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • IIR member news: Star Refrigeration

    Star Refrigeration soon to hit US food firms with eco-friendly low-ammonia chillers and freezers

    • Publication date : 2013/09/04
  • News from IIR members: Star Refrigeration

    Star Refrigeration’s eLearning group prepares Italian engineers to gain the European F-Gas certification.

    • Publication date : 2012/11/27
  • Magnetic refrigeration: a promising technology

    The IIR decided, a few years ago, to set up a Working Party on Magnetic Refrigeration at Room Temperature, and has organized 4 conferences: in 2005 in Switzerland, in 2007 in Slovenia, in 2009 in the USA, in 2010 in China. We published articles in...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • CRH 2015 - China Refrigeration 2015

    Continued focus on providing persistent improvement and innovation in the HVAC&R industry. Highlights included a Demonstration Pavilion for cold chain solutions, Ozone2Climate Roadshow & Roundtable, and a side-event covering EU F-gas...

    • Publication date : 2015/04/15
  • Brief: UK Institute of Refrigeration

    The UK Institute of Refrigeration (IOR) held in November its annual conference entitled "The future of cooling - opportunities and threats". Topics covered: LCCP in supermarket refrigeration systems; environmentally acceptable cooling; the EU's...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • IIR member news: Star Refrigeration

    The UK company Star Refrigeration has announced the launch of a new subsidiary, Azane Inc., to manufacture and supply their “low-charge ammonia” Azane technology in the US.

    • Publication date : 2014/05/25
  • The International Journal of Refrigeration (IJR)

    The IJR is the most important scientific journal in the field of refrigeration technology. It is a co-publication of Elsevier and the IIR. Eight issues are published each year, with over 15 articles per issue. Certain issues are totally or...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Valuable publications: Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

    A new edition of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, fully revised and updated by Guy Hundy was published in July 2008. This 392-page book is an introductory text and ideal for new entrants to the industry, particularly suited to students and...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • Focus: The International Journal of Refrigeration (IJR)

    In 1978 the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR) launched a new international scientific journal, the IJR. The first volume of the IJR consisted of 4 issues comprising 29 scientific articles in all. Today, we publish 8 issues with an...

    • Publication date : 2012/12/14
  • International Dictionary of Refrigeration: Spanish now!

    The Spanish-English-French: Terms volume of the International Dictionary of Refrigeration was published recently. It comprises 4400 terms in Spanish along with the terms in English and French. The layout is the same as that of the basic...

    • Publication date : 2009/08/13
  • News from IIR members: Star Refrigeration

    Star Refrigeration just announced a new collaboration with Core Enterprises, an American portable instruments developer to distribute AccuToolsR eL-720 carbon dioxide gas leak detector. The detector is easy to handle and effective at locating even...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Global HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector

    This table shows HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector – including air conditioning – in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent for about 40 countries that are signatories...

    • Last update : 2022/01/20
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Cold storage conditions for fruits and vegetables

    Practical recommendations for the cold storage of over 200 cultivars of fruits, vegetables and herbs (storage temperatures, relative humidity, storage time, controlled atmosphere...

    • Last update : 2023/01/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Fruit, Vegetables
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, HFO et HCFO, Blends
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFO et HCFO, Blends
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends