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  • Intense competition for the next-generation MAC refrigerant

    Less than 3 years before the January 1, 2011 deadline for using fluorinated gases (F-gases) with a GWP higher than 150 in the new models of cars according to the European Directive 2006/40 on emissions from mobile air-conditioning (MAC) systems,...

    • Publication date : 2008/05/13
  • Refrigerant news: New Blend

    A new blend of R32, R125 and R134a from Honeywell has received the designation of R-407F from ASHRAE and has been rated A1, indicating it has a low toxicity and is non flammable. It is seen as a viable replacement for R22 in medium- and low-...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • United States

    A bill aimed to reform for the first time since 1976 the US Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) was introduced in the USA on April 15, 2010. The new legislation will require manufacturers to prove the safety of every chemical - including...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • European Union: Revision of EN378 standard

    The European Standard "Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Safety and environmental requirements" has been republished following comprehensive review. The previous version of the standard, EN378:2000, has been withdrawn and replaced by...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • Briefs: Doubt on the air quality in airplanes

    The Committee on Toxicity, an independent group of experts consulted by the British government estimated that 1% of all daily passenger air flights were affected by smoke incidents in the cabin, and airlines acknowledge 0.05%. in the United States...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • H-fluid as an alternative to HFC-134a?

    The new European Directive 2006/40 on emissions from air-conditioning systems in motor vehicles - which bans F-gases with a GWP higher than 150 (such as HFC-134a) as of 2011 for new models of cars - and Californian legislation which is putting...

    • Publication date : 2006/11/15
  • MAC: CO2 or HFO-1234yf?

    The SAE Alternate Refrigerant Symposium held in Phoenix, USA, on June 10-12, 2008, provided an opportunity for the various stakeholders of the global automotive industry to present their views regarding the next-generation refrigerant in mobile...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • The HCFC phase-out challenge (3)

    The decision taken in September 2007 by the signatory countries of the Montreal Protocol to accelerate by 10 years the HCFC phase-out schedule entered into force and became binding to all Parties on May 14, 2008 (see the official notification:

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • Honey is an efficient natural cryoprotectant in fertility preservation

    While several review articles point to the need for new, effective and less toxic cryoprotectants, honey has proven to be an effective non-penetrating...

    • Publication date : 2022/03/31
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Latest news about regulation in Europe

    The European “F-gas” Regulation and the EN 378 standard are currently being revised at European level. Latest news on these two flagship texts. 

    • Publication date : 2022/03/29
  • ISO 5149 standard revision: negative vote

    Draft revised ISO/FDIS 5149 (Parts 1 to 4) standard “Refrigerating systems and heat pumps -- Safety and environmental requirements” which was submitted for voting on October 3, 2012, has been rejected by ISO countries (except Part 4 on operation,...

    • Publication date : 2012/10/10
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • EPA permits R1234yf to be sold to US consumers

    As a result of a lawsuit brought by the AAIA and the ARPI, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final rule that will permit R1234yf to be sold to US consumers.

    • Publication date : 2013/12/29
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • IJR highlights: review of low-GWP alternative refrigerants

    In a recent review article based on over 60 published studies and published in the International Journal of Refrigeration, Chinese researchers have compared nearly 40 alternative low-GWP refrigerants in terms of...

    • Publication date : 2021/06/28
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • R1234yf as a working fluid in Organic Rankine Cycle systems

    A recent review article presented the use of HFO R1234yf and its mixtures in Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) systems, namely in applications for waste heat recovery from internal...

    • Publication date : 2021/09/07
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Latest research on ammonia-based absorption refrigeration systems

    A recent article has reviewed literature on absorption chillers that use ammonia as a refrigerant, along with water (H2O), lithium nitrate (LiNO3), and lithium nitrate + water...

    • Publication date : 2021/02/25
    • Subjects: Technology