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A simulation study of n-butane absorption refrigeration system using commercial hydrocarbons as absorbents.

Author(s) : ARAFIA M., SOLIMAN A., OSSAMA A.

Type of article: IJR article

Summary

A heat-powered single-effect absorption refrigeration system operating with commercial n-butane as a refrigerant and six commercial hydrocarbons (stabilized condensate, light naphtha, heavy naphtha, reformate, light reformate and heavy reformate) as absorbents was studied. The main target of the study was actuating these systems to the available waste heat. Simulation models were created using Aspen HYSYS process simulator. The main parameters of an absorption refrigeration system, using the proposed working fluids, were compared at different evaporator, condenser and absorber temperatures to select the best working fluid. Moreover, a focused interpretation was given to the behavior of the best system at different operating conditions. Furthermore, the effect of both butane recovery and purity, in the generator, on the performance of the best system was investigated. Results revealed that, among the proposed working fluids, the best performance was achieved by butane/heavy naphtha. It could achieve a Coefficient of Performance (COP) of 0.78 at evaporator temperature of 20 °C and both condenser and absorber temperatures of 30 °C. The COP passed through a different maximum value at certain recovery for each evaporator temperature and condenser and absorber temperatures and similar behavior was observed for purity. Low reboiler temperatures were feasible at low butane recoveries with almost the same COP of the high butane recoveries. Generally, Butane/heavy naphtha system could compete effectively with the commercial absorption refrigeration systems, within their range of operating conditions, without experiencing their limitations.

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Pages: 110-124

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Details

  • Original title: A simulation study of n-butane absorption refrigeration system using commercial hydrocarbons as absorbents.
  • Record ID : 30027389
  • Languages: English
  • Source: International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 112
  • Publication date: 2020/04
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2020.01.004

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