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  • HFC consumption in Bangladesh

    According to a UNEP document published in June 2017, the HFC consumption in Bangladesh was of 810.68 metric tonnes, including 94.5% of R134a.

    • Publication date : 2017/10/20
    • Subjects: Developing country, HFCs alternatives
  • A new safety standard for American refrigerators

    A new US standard allows household fridges and freezers to use up to 150 grams of hydrocarbon refrigerants instead of the current limit of 57 grams.

    • Publication date : 2017/05/12
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives
  • Are hydrocarbons in room air conditioners risky?

    A team from GIZ Proklima used quantitative risk assessment tools to estimate the severity and frequency of ignition HC-600a (iso-butane) and HC-290 split air conditioners and domestic refrigerators.

    • Publication date : 2015/02/12
  • For IIR members only

    Colombia: financial aid to renew the stock of domestic refrigerators

    In Colombia, 17,553 people have benefited since January 2019 from a programme to replace old domestic refrigerators with new units using isobutane (R600a). 

    • Publication date : 2023/09/22
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • Briefs: Hydrocarbon refrigerators soon in the US?

    General Electric announced that it had submitted information to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in connection with a request for approval to use isobutane, a hydrocarbon, as a refrigerant in household refrigerators. The petition was...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • United States

    The US EPA has published a long-awaited proposed rule allowing the use of certain hydrocarbons in new household refrigerator and freezer equipment. Hydrocarbon refrigerants have now been used for over 10 years in countries such as Germany, the UK,...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Energy savings: Japan: significant improvement of the energy efficiency of refrigerators

    According to JARN, the energy efficiency of refrigerators in Japan has been continuously improved: their power consumption has been reduced to 1/5th of that 10 years ago. This is in part due to the development of vacuum heat insulators, which are...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • Marine refrigeration

    The use of natural refrigerants is gradually spreading. Here are two examples of their use in the marine sector: - Environmentally-friendly fish transport American Freedom is one of the world's largest refrigerated ships and can hold up to...

    • Publication date : 2007/11/20
  • Review of CFC and HFC-free refrigerators worldwide

    At the beginning of December 2004, Brazil's first CFC and HFC-free refrigerator rolled off the BSH Bosh und Siemens Hausegerate GmbH production line. Following implementation for several years in Europe , then in Australia , China , India and...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/10
  • Expanding market for hydrocarbon compressors

    Several compressor makers are introducing new models operating with hydrocarbon refrigerants. For example ComStar International Inc., will offer compressors with the newly approved R-441A (HCR 188C), patented blend of ethane, propane, butane and...

    • Publication date : 2011/06/15
  • IIR Rankine Conference 2020: Which alternative working fluids for ORC systems?

    HFOs (hydrofluoroolefins), HCFOs (hydrochlorofluoroolefins) and hydrocarbons were the main alternatives to HFC245fa presented during the IIR Rankine Conference 2020.

    • Publication date : 2020/09/04
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • Briefs: A comeback for Einstein’s fridge?

    Scientists at Oxford University have rebuilt one of Einstein's early inventions in an attempt to develop an environmentally friendly refrigerator that runs without electricity. They have built a prototype of a fridge patented in 1930 by Einstein...

    • Publication date : 2008/10/25
  • Natural refrigerants in developing countries

    Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) is helping developing countries accelerate the phase-out of ozone-depleting refrigerants. It recently published a report comprising over 30 articles from government, industry and academia, and...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Initiatives to promote refrigeration technologies in the developing world

    Focus on some initiatives to facilitate access to eco-friendly refrigeration technologies in hot countries.

    • Publication date : 2020/06/26
    • Subjects: Developing country
  • Update on the global regulation on refrigerants

    Global regulations on fluorinated gases are evolving, with new ratifications of the Kigali Amendment (including China), the updating of the GWP of certain refrigerants by the IPCC, and five European countries...

    • Publication date : 2021/09/07
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends