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  • Ozone layer issues: China

    China Closes Ozone Depleting Chemical Plants. On July 1, China, the world's largest producer of CFCs and halon, shut down five of its six remaining plants, putting the country two and a half years ahead of the Montreal Protocol's 2010 deadline for...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • Legionnaires’ disease

    Two outbreaks of Legionnaires' disease are in the news: - Thirteen deaths have occurred among 85 patients who contracted Legionnaires' disease in the northern French prefecture of Pas-de-Calais. The main cause of the outbreak is a cooling tower at...

    • Publication date : 2004/04/28
  • Chillers: efficiency takes off

    Chillers are key refrigerating systems since, according to the Department of Energy, in the US, they account for about 13% of the power consumed by the nation's buildings and 9% of the overall demand for electric power. Examples below illustrate...

    • Publication date : 2008/10/25
  • EU requires cold treatment for citrus imports

    According to a new EU legislation, a mandatory cold treatment will be required for citrus fruits imported from non-EU countries.

    • Publication date : 2022/04/19
    • Subjects: Regulation, Developing country
  • Cryochemistry: chemical reactions accelerated by freezing

    Surprisingly, some chemical reactions can be accelerated by freezing. The possible applications of studying such cryoreactions include the food and pharmaceutical cold chain, as well...

    • Publication date : 2022/02/28
    • Subjects: Environment, Technology
  • For IIR members only

    A must-read in the IJR: a review of storage temperatures for biological material

    To improve storage efficiency, the authors of a review article take stock of storage temperatures for biological material (cells, proteins, DNA, etc).

    • Publication date : 2024/04/26
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Cryopreservation techniques in reproductive medicine: improving cell survival after warming

    A recent literature review presents the technical progress in cryopreservation techniques. The vitrification concept is presented as crucial to ensure cell survival after cryopreservation. 

    • Publication date : 2020/11/27