IIR document

Modeling and theoretical analysis of a CO2-propane autocascade heat pump for electrical vehicle heating.

Author(s) : YU B., YANG J., WANG D., et al.

Type of article: Article, IJR article


Heat pump and its efficiency are of great significance to the energy saving of electric vehicle in cold climate. This paper proposes a modified autocascade heat pump (ACHP) system using natural CO2-propane mixture. The main purpose is to enhance the heating performance compared with that of conventional heat pump. Using a thermodynamic model of the proposed ACHP cycle, the transcritical and subcritical cycle performance under various conditions are carried out from the perspective of first and second law of thermodynamics, and the transcritical operating characteristics of ACHP system is introduced for the first time. Additionally, an exergy performance comparison has been carried out. Results indicate that the ACHP system can produce more heating capacity, lower compression pressure ratio, lower heat rejection temperature for low ambient temperature conditions and it consumes less compressor work for all the temperature range researched. For transcritical ACHP cycle, the best COP is 2.7 obtained when CO2 mass fraction is 0.8 at -20 °C, which is 12.3% higher than that of CO2 single stage heat pump. For subcritical ACHP cycle, the best COP is 3.97 while heating capacity is much lower than that of transcritical cycle in the same condition. Finally, the exergy analysis confirms the feasibility of the ACHP system and points out exactly the further optimization locations in the ACHP system.

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Pages: 146-155


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  • Original title: Modeling and theoretical analysis of a CO2-propane autocascade heat pump for electrical vehicle heating.
  • Record ID : 30025193
  • Languages: English
  • Source: International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 95
  • Publication date: 2018/11
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2018.07.030


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