Risk assessment of illegal trade in HCFCs.

Author(s) : EIA

Type of monograph: Report


Despite significant progress in tackling illegal trade in ozone depleting substances over the past decade there is thought to be a significant threat in the near future of a dramatic increase in illegal trade in hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). There is, in general, a lack of awareness about the issue of illegal trade in HCFCs and the potential impact this may have on the HCFC phase-out. This report provides a summary of recent cases of illegal trade and the policy measures in place to combat HCFC smuggling. By considering market conditions for HCFCs and drawing parallels with the context and methods used by smugglers which led to chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) smuggling, the report provides an analysis of the risks of HCFC smuggling becoming entrenched and makes recommendations on how this illegal trade can be prevented.
Contents: illegal trade in CFCs; HCFC market conditions; emerging illegal trade in HCFCs; policy responses; threat level; recommended actions.


  • Original title: Risk assessment of illegal trade in HCFCs.
  • Record ID : 30002183
  • Languages: English
  • Subject: Figures, economy, Regulation, Environment
  • Publication: Unep (united nations environment programme), dtie (division of technology, industry and economics), ozonaction programme - France/France
  • Publication date: 2011
  • ISBN: 9789280731514