Search results

  • Non-CFC chillers

    According to the 2005 annual survey carried out by the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) on chiller manufacturers, the replacement and conversion of CFC chillers, as specified by the Montreal Protocol in 1995 is proving to be...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • Honeywell CFC destruction plan

    Honeywell has begun destroying its inventories of CFCs and CFC blends: the company says it has already destroyed over 12 000 kg of R11.

    • Publication date : 2012/06/21
  • A blueprint HCFC and CFC phase-out regulation in France

    French owners of refrigerating equipmement might have to cease all use of HCFCs before late 2017.

    • Publication date : 2012/12/03
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • CFC banks release larger emissions than expected

    The leaks of CFC11 and CFC12 stored up in banks, if left unchecked, would delay the recovery of the Antarctic ozone hole by 6 years and add 9 billion metric tons of CO2eq to the...

    • Publication date : 2020/05/27
    • Subjects: Developing country, Environment
  • Illegal production and use of CFC-11 in China

    A report published by the EIA reveals that some Chinese companies still use CFC-11 in the foam blowing industry.

    • Publication date : 2018/08/23
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • Review of CFC and HFC-free refrigerators worldwide

    At the beginning of December 2004, Brazil's first CFC and HFC-free refrigerator rolled off the BSH Bosh und Siemens Hausegerate GmbH production line. Following implementation for several years in Europe , then in Australia , China , India and...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/10
  • Brief: CFC- and HFC-free refrigerators now in Brazil

    At the beginning of December 2004, Brazil 's first CFC and HFC-free refrigerator rolled off the BSH Bosh und Siemens Hausegeräte GmbH production line. Following implementation for several years in Europe , then in Australia , China , India and...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/11
  • Africa: a project to replace CFC chillers in Africa

    A new UN Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) and French Global Environment Facility (FFEM) joint project aims at replacing chillers in several African countries. A survey conducted in Cameroon, Egypt, Namibia, Senegal and Sudan, identified...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • Do aliens use CFCs?

    What if the search for extra-terrestrial life took a new turn? A grant recently awarded to a team of scientists will finance research for "technosignatures", which would include CFCs.

    • Publication date : 2020/06/29
  • Pakistan confiscates illegal HCFCs

    The Pakistan government ordered the confiscation of illegally imported HCFCs, denying import quotas to seven companies this year.

    • Publication date : 2014/05/28
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • 2015 HCFC consumption in Cuba

    The government of Cuba reported a consumption of 13.17 Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) tonnes of HCFC in 2015.

    • Publication date : 2016/12/09
  • China announces HCFC shutdown

    China has announced closure of five HCFC refrigeration production lines, nearly 16% of total production, by 2015.

    • Publication date : 2014/11/11
  • HCFC phase-out is moving forward

    China launched in December 2011 the HCFC Phase-Out Management Plan (HPMP), a USD 270 million project for complete phase-out of use of HCFCs by January 2015.

    • Publication date : 2012/07/26
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • HCFC phase-down in Brazil

    A few figures from the Brazilian Ministry of Environment.

    • Publication date : 2018/04/05
    • Subjects: Regulation, Developing country
  • China announces HCFC shutdown

    China has announced it will close five of its HCFC refrigeration production lines, nearly 16% of total production, by 2015.

    • Publication date : 2014/10/10
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, HFO et HCFO, Blends
  • Global HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector

    This table shows HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector – including air conditioning – in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent for about 40 countries that are signatories...

    • Last update : 2022/01/20
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFO et HCFO, Blends
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2022/11/21
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers