IIR document

Water as refrigerant.

Author(s) : PAUL J., JAHN E.


Water as refrigerant is a prime substitute to conventional substances for medium and large refrigerating capacities. The process with water can be realized with six different single- and two-stage systems. Such plants can operate with mechanical (electric) energy, steam and (waste) heat and can therefore be adapted to (almost) any site-condition. The large volumetric flow needs special compressors or a process where the flow is of minor importance on the size and design of the system. Refrigerating plants with water as refrigerant operate already today in commercial installations and some 40 megawatts are installed already in ice makers, water chillers and heat pumps.

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Pages: 955-960


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  • Original title: Water as refrigerant.
  • Record ID : 1996-2723
  • Languages: English
  • Source: For a Better Quality of Life. 19th International Congress of Refrigeration.
  • Publication date: 1995/08/20
  • Document available for consultation in the library of the IIR headquarters only.


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