Search results

  • Spray freeze-drying technique for the manufacturing of pharmaceutical products

    Some biopharmaceuticals such as vaccines have a short shelf life and must be handled with care. A recent literature review presents the spray freeze-drying technique as an interesting option for optimising the...

    • Publication date : 2020/12/14
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Increase of HFC refrigerants' price in Europe.

    Several manufacturers have announced a price increase for HFC refrigerants in Europe.

    • Publication date : 2014/12/21
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives, Figures, economy
  • US: HFO blowing agent approved by EPA

    Honeywell recently announced that its new HFO-based Solstice Liquid Blowing Agent (LBA) had received final approval from EPA to be used in foam insulation in refrigerators and other applications in the US. Whirlpool Corporation will be the first...

    • Publication date : 2012/11/27
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • Canada: Government intends to prohibit R134a in commercial refrigeration

    A Notice of Intent was published by the Canadian Ministry of Environment indicating that the government is considering prohibition of the manufacture and import of high GWP refrigerants, including R134a, R507 series and R404A in certain commercial...

    • Publication date : 2015/04/09
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • Discovery of an 18th century ice-well in London

    A huge subterranean ice house dating from the 1780s, recently uncovered in central London, has been designated as a scheduled monument by Historic England.

    • Publication date : 2019/01/31
  • The HVAC&R market in the EMEA region in 2015

    Eurovent Market Intelligence (EMI), the European Statistics Office for the HVAC&R market, has just published the results of its studies on 2015 sales in the Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) region, based on the data collected from a large...

    • Publication date : 2016/12/06
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Grimsby Ice Factory on Europe's "most at risk" list

    The Grimsby Ice Factory in England has been marked as one of the seven most threatened heritage sites in Europe for 2018.

    • Publication date : 2018/04/19
  • Plans to save Grimsby Ice Factory

    An irreplaceable piece of industrial refrigeration history is endangered

    • Publication date : 2011/11/17
  • Grimsby ice factory preservation plans

    Some of the historic ice-making equipment in the derelict Grimsby Ice Factory is to be removed in planned remedial work to prevent further damage to the crumbling building.

    • Publication date : 2022/01/13
  • Trends and Figures: Increase in AC prices in Asia

    According to 2 articles in JARN, the prices of air conditioning are starting to show the effects of the rising raw materials prices, including those of copper, steel and aluminium. There are claims that the prices of these essential metals, in...

    • Publication date : 2006/11/15
  • Review of CFC and HFC-free refrigerators worldwide

    At the beginning of December 2004, Brazil's first CFC and HFC-free refrigerator rolled off the BSH Bosh und Siemens Hausegerate GmbH production line. Following implementation for several years in Europe , then in Australia , China , India and...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/10
  • Trends

    - World: China and Denmark are the world's major reefer container manufacturers, and the refrigerating equipment used in China is generally US technology produced under licence in China . In 2002, over 80% of all reefer containers produced...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Trends

    - The worldwide market for air conditioning was estimated by BSRIA as being 34 billion USD in 2001 and was forecast to reach 39 billion USD in 2004. The Freedonia Group predicts a rise to 56 billion USD by 2008. Fastest growth will occur in the...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/11
  • Briefs: AHRI is born

    The Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) and the Gas Appliance Manufacturers Association (GAMA) have merged as of January 1, 2008. The merged association has become the Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI)....

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • The Use of Ice Cream: Recent Trends

    A recent AFP press release pointed out how the face of ice-cream consumption is gradually changing over the years: it is no longer considered merely as a treat for children and is more and more appreciated by adults. Furthermore, the last couple...

    • Publication date : 2006/10/25
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2022/11/21
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG