Refrigerant options now and in the future: Danfoss helps define your refrigerant choice.

[In Russian. / En russe.]

Author(s) : DANFOSS

Type of monograph: Booklet


The refrigeration and air-conditioning industry has made tremendous progress over the past two decades in reducing the use of ozone-depleting refrigerants. The original targets of the Montreal Protocol, established in 1987 to reduce emissions of ozone-depleting substances, are being met and exceeded. Another consequence of these initiatives is that during the 1990s and the early part of the present century, there was considerable uncertainty regarding future refrigerant options. Now a path has started to appear, defined by the global agenda on climate change and global warming.
Seen from a global perspective, the tendency is that the industry is moving more and more toward natural refrigerants where this is technologically feasible. Synthetic refrigerants are still likely to play a large role in the refrigeration and air conditioning industry, but this will be in minimal charge systems and with new low GWP substances. Parameters such as efficiency, safety, environmental impact, relatively short atmospheric lifetimes, chemical properties and economy all influence the choice of future refrigerant options.
This document (a Danfoss Journal reprint) is an effort to create an overview of the key global trends in refrigerants (including environmental aspects, developments and tendencies) and the regulatory incentives that impact the future.
Extract from the table of contents: background (properties; influence of refrigerants on the environment; emissions from refrigeration systems; energy efficiency; industry initiatives; trends: domestic, light commercial, commercial, industrial refrigeration, air conditioning , heat pumps, global trends); refrigerants (overview; HFCs; hydrocarbons; CO2; NH3); technologies (charge limitation and leak reduction; improving efficiency; high pressure); 3 case stories.