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Semi-empirical and environmental assessment of the low GWP refrigerant HCFO-1224yd(Z) to replace HFC-245fa in high temperature heat pumps.

Author(s) : MATEU-ROYO C., MOTA BABILONI A., NAVARRO-ESBRÍ J.

Type of article: IJR article

Summary

This paper investigates a promising low-GWP refrigerant, HCFO-1224yd(Z), as an environmentally friendly replacement for HFC-245fa in high temperature heat pumps (HTHPs). First, the thermophysical properties of both fluids were analysed, and a single-stage cycle with Internal Heat Exchanger (IHX) was modelled. Then, a semi-empirical drop-in test replacement was assessed. The low-temperature reservoir was fixed at 80 °C, whereas the high-temperature reservoir was varied from 110 to 140 °C to cover a wide range of industrial applications. The theoretical and semi-empirical results illustrate that HCFO-1224yd(Z) heating capacity becomes around 8.9% lower than HFC-245fa. However, the higher suction density of HCFO-1224yd(Z) compared to the reference fluid can compensate for this effect, reducing the compressor power consumption. Hence, HCFO-1224yd(Z) presents a COP increase up to 4.5% compared to the reference fluid. At high-temperature reservoir of 140 °C, HCFO-1224yd(Z) shows a COP of 2.33, whereas HFC-245fa only reaches 2.23. The carbon footprint assessment illustrates a significant equivalent CO2,eq emissions reduction down to 90%, depending on the country (carbon emission factor). Therefore, HCFO-1224yd(Z) can be used as an alternative to HFC-245fa in HTHP systems due to its beneficial operating, energetic and environmental characteristics.

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Details

  • Original title: Semi-empirical and environmental assessment of the low GWP refrigerant HCFO-1224yd(Z) to replace HFC-245fa in high temperature heat pumps.
  • Record ID : 30028326
  • Languages: English
  • Subject: HFCs alternatives
  • Source: International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 127
  • Publication date: 2021/07
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2021.02.018

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