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Transcritical carbon dioxide microchannel heat pump water heaters. I. Validated component simulation modules.

Author(s) : GOODMAN C., FRONK B. M., GARIMELLA S.

Type of article: Article, IJR article

Summary

An experimental and analytical study on the performance of carbon dioxide heat pumps for water heating was conducted. The performance of compact, microchannel, water-coupled gas coolers, evaporator, and suction line heat exchanger (SLHX) were evaluated in an experimental facility. Analytical heat exchanger models accounting for the flow orientation and changing CO2 thermophysical properties were developed and validated with data. Heat transfer coefficients were predicted with correlations available in the literature and local heat duty calculated using the effectiveness-NTU approach. The gas cooler, evaporator, and SLHX models predicted measured heat duties with an absolute average error of 5.5, 1.3, and 3.9%, respectively. Compressor isentropic and volumetric efficiency values were found to range from 56 to 67% and 62-82%, respectively. Empirical models for compressor efficiency and power were developed from the data. The resulting component models are implemented in a system model in a companion paper (Part II).

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Pages: 859-869

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Details

  • Original title: Transcritical carbon dioxide microchannel heat pump water heaters. I. Validated component simulation modules.
  • Record ID : 30000504
  • Languages: English
  • Source: International Journal of Refrigeration - Revue Internationale du Froid - vol. 34 - n. 4
  • Publication date: 2011/06

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