IIR document

Water as alternative refrigerant.

Author(s) : PAUL J.


The author discusses the use of water as a refrigerant. Under triple point conditions of water, ice crystals are generated, forming a binary ice suspension, which can be used as a secondary refrigerant. Some examples of binary ice machines are mentioned. An important advantage in using binary ice as a secondary refrigerant is that the diameter of the pipework can be reduced by some 60%. The author discusses some applications of refrigerating systems using water as refrigerant and binary ice as secondary refrigerant. A table presents a qualitative and quantitative comparison of water with refrigerants like ammonia, propane and R134a.

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  • Original title: Water as alternative refrigerant.
  • Record ID : 1995-2081
  • Languages: English
  • Source: New Applications of Natural Working Fluids in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  • Publication date: 1994/05/10
  • Document available for consultation in the library of the IIR headquarters only.


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