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  • High-temperature Superconductivity

    Groundbreaking findings on high-temperature superconductivity. A superconductor is a material that can conduct electricity with virtually no resistance. The phenomenon was discovered by Kamerlingh Onnes in 1911 and takes place in certain metals...

    • Publication date : 2007/05/04
  • 100 years of superconductivity

    April 8, 2011 marked the 100th anniversary of the discovery of superconductivity by Heike Kammerlingh Onnes. Working in his lab at Leiden University on April 8, 1911, he was experimenting with the electrical...

    • Publication date : 2011/07/26
  • Ultracold polar molecules

    Scientists at JILA, a joint institute of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder), have applied their expertise in ultracold atoms and lasers to produce the first high-density...

    • Publication date : 2008/10/22
  • Fermidable

    In a team led by Wolfgang Ketterle, a nobel laureate, MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) scientists have been the first to create "a new type of matter", a gas of atoms that shows high-temperature superfluidity. A superfluid gas can flow...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • Superconductivity for aircrafts?

    NASA recently published plans for the development of aircraft using superconductivity for a time frame around 2030. This could allow for noise reduction, improved carbon footprint and energy savings. The main advantage of HTS machines is that they...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Supercooling the LHC

    CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the new research instrument of the world's elementary particle physics community. This discovery-making machine will explore the structure of matter and basic forces of nature on a scale never attained before....

    • Publication date : 2007/02/12
  • Nanotechnoly: what’s new?

    Nanotechnology - the manipulation of cell and atomic structure in materials no larger than a billionth of a metre in size - has recently been described by Frank O'Brien-Bernini, Vice President of Owens Corning Science & Technology Center, as...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Vacuum Insulation Panels: a promising solution for domestic refrigerators

    Thanks to their low thermal conductivity, Vacuum Insulation Panels (VIPs) make it possible to greatly reduce the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators. However, their adoption comes up against problems of...

    • Publication date : 2020/05/27
  • Impact of ageing on the energy efficiency of refrigerating household appliances

    A recent study shows an average increase in energy consumption of 11% after 2 years of operation and 27% after 16 years for these appliances. Ageing wall insulation and door gasket contribute to this...

    • Publication date : 2022/02/28
  • A possible major step in the quest of room-temperature superconductivity

    Two researcher teams have just reported experiments indicating that a hydride of lanthanum compressed to 1.7 to 1.85 million bar has a critical temperature of 250–260 K (-23 – -13°C).

    • Publication date : 2019/01/31
  • Easy-to-make doped thermoelectric materials

    Thermoelectric materials, which can convert electric voltage into various temperature differences, ranging from hot to cold, and vice-versa, have been used in refrigerators for over 20 years, but these applications are still small and highly...

    • Publication date : 2012/03/15
  • Recent overview of research on electrocaloric cooling

    A recent literature review presents an overview of research on electrocaloric cooling. The authors addressed the following topics: thermodynamic cycles, electrocaloric materials, experimental devices, numerical...

    • Publication date : 2021/01/04
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Fish packaging with built-in nose

    PhD candidate Jenneke Heising is working on packaging with a built-in nose that tells your smartphone how fresh fish is before you buy it.

    • Publication date : 2013/12/27
  • Dielectric cooling for data centers

    Until now, chips are mostly cooled thanks to air-cooling approaches: fans push air through heatsinks that sit on top of the chips to carry away excess heat. Liquid-cooling, which is more effective than air-cooling is more and more used....

    • Publication date : 2018/01/18
  • A nanoelectronic chip cooled to the world record temperature of 2.8 mK

    A group of researchers of the University of Basel succeeded in cooling a nanoelectronic chip to a temperature very close to absolute zero thanks to magnetic cooling.

    • Publication date : 2018/03/22
  • News from IIR members: Air Liquide

    The world's longest and most powerful superconductor power transmission cable has been connected to the commercial power grid in Holbrook, New York, United States, by the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) and American Superconductor. The 600-m...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • Cryogenics and Low-Temperature Physics: New Horizons and Challenges

    This Focus written by Ralf Herzog*, President of the IIR’s Cryophysics, Cryoengineering commission (Commission A1) for the Newsletter of the IIR is the third in a series of presentations of the activities and hot research topics handled by the...

    • Publication date : 2012/09/21
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers