New in our Encyclopedia. Ice cream manufacturing and its environmental impact.

A comprehensive review of the freezing process, market data and environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing. 

The IIR has just released on its website two new summary documents on ice cream manufacturing. The documents were revised by Antonina Tvorogova, member of the C2 commission on “Food science & engineering”, and by Pr Adisa Azapagic and Dr Laurence Stamford from the university of Manchester. 


From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this summary document. Market data are also included, given that the global ice cream market is worth over 80 billion USD. The chapter on the environmental impact of the sector, revised by Pr Azapagic and Dr Stamford, examines the energy consumption and refrigerants used in ice cream manufacturing. 


Environmental impact of the ice cream industry 




Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data 

(available to IIR members)



For more summary documents on refrigeration technologies and applications 

Browse through the Encyclopedia of Refrigeration