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  • Briefs: Improved containment

    According to an analysis published by A. McCulloch*, "although there is a wide variation between countries, the annual emission rate of most of the fluorinated gases used in refrigeration have improved significantly in Europe over the past 10...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • Germany: refrigerant containment survey

    According to a VDKF recent survey, since 2012, there has been a significant advance in improving refrigerant containment in air-conditioning and refrigeration systems.

    • Publication date : 2016/05/31
  • France: containment of refrigerating data plants

    French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) recently published a study conducted by Cemafroid and IRSTEA on the containment of refrigerating plants.

    • Publication date : 2016/03/15
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • New F-gases Regulation

    Regulation (EC) No. 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of May 17, 2006 on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) entered into force on July 4, 2006. It shall apply with effect from July 4, 2007 in the 25 European Member...

    • Publication date : 2006/10/25
  • New F-gases Regulation: an ambitious

    Regulation (EC) No. 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of May 17, 2006 on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) entered into force on July 4, 2006. It shall apply with effect from July 4, 2007 in the 25 European Member...

    • Publication date : 2006/11/14
  • F-gases

    According to the European Cold Storage and Logistics Association (ECSLA), the schedule of the draft European "F-gases" Regulation - which aims to improve the containment of fluorinated gases and impose restrictions on the marketing and use of...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • Fluorocarbon producers join the Mobile Air Conditioning Climate Protection Partnership

    On June 29, 2004, the fluorocarbon producers Atofina, DuPont, INEOS Fluor, Honeywell, Solvay and the JFMA, announced that they will provide 300 000 US dollars to help fund the Mobile Air Conditioning Climate Protection Partnership, which includes...

    • Publication date : 2004/09/14
  • Europe

    During the 2nd Reading by the European Parliament of the draft Regulation on F-gases (fluorinated gases), MEPs finally opted for containment measures and controls for leakage and rejected the proposals of the environment committee to impose...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • Underground storage of liquid CO2

    Dispensing of CO2 by storing it underground usually implies placing it in aquifer rocks deep enough (-800 m) to achieve sufficient pressure to maintain the CO2 in a supercritical (fluid) phase. This approach has many shortcomings as in this form,...

    • Publication date : 2006/11/15
  • Europe: F-gas regulation

    On March 31, 2004, the European Parliament voted in its plenary session on the "F-gas" proposal (Proposal for an European Parliament and Council regulation on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases) of the European Commission dated August 12, 2003...

    • Publication date : 2004/04/28
  • New environmental measures are emerging

    Two important (for the refrigeration and air-conditioning sector) United Nations conferences take place every year, on ozone depletion and on climate change. The IIR attends these conferences and presents a statement as an intergovernmental...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/24
  • New decisions on environmental issues

    Environmental issues will certainly continue to be the main driver of evolution in the refrigeration sector in the coming decades. Newsletter No. 37 mentioned new orientations decided during the latest United Nations conferences on the ozone layer...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • Refrigerant leaks in supermarkets

    Reminder of some figures on refrigerant leaks in supermarkets. Focus on the situation in the United States. 

    • Publication date : 2021/03/29
  • For IIR members only

    Overview of data center cooling technologies

    The very huge growth in Internet traffic requires the continued development of new energy-efficient data center cooling technologies, based primarily on liquid...

    • Publication date : 2022/12/15
    • Subjects: Technology
  • HFC alternatives: insufficient training in Europe

    An AREA survey shows that in the EU, only 3.5-7% of F-Gas certified personnel are trained in the use of low-GWP refrigerants, depending on the alternative used. 

    • Publication date : 2021/02/23
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction