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  • 2014 worldwide helium market

    Currently, the US has the largest market for helium demand market, consuming approximately 32% of the total volume; Asia represents the second largest market with 31% of worldwide demand.

    • Publication date : 2015/11/12
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Cryogenics 2019: NICA project aims at studying the state of matter existing shortly after the Big Bang

    NICA project for a new superconducting accelerator complex in Russia attracted a lot of interest during IIR Cryogenics conference in Prague, in April 2019.

    • Publication date : 2019/06/28
  • 100 years of superconductivity

    April 8, 2011 marked the 100th anniversary of the discovery of superconductivity by Heike Kammerlingh Onnes. Working in his lab at Leiden University on April 8, 1911, he was experimenting with the electrical...

    • Publication date : 2011/07/26
  • Cryogenic applications: Cooling largest outer-space telescope

    In his presentation on cryogenics applications at the IIR-AFF centenary conference in Paris (see Focus), Philippe Lebrun, President of the IIR's Section A, mentioned cryogenic detectors of cosmic signals and cited Herschel probe as an example. The...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • LHC season 3: cryogenic cooling system upgrade

    The particle accelerator returned to service in 2022 after numerous improvements, including an increase in cryogenic cooling power at point 4. 

    • Publication date : 2022/05/30
    • Subjects: Technology
  • For IIR members only

    Successful test of a dilution refrigerator for quantum computers

    IBM scientists have succeeded in cooling a quantum computer chip to a temperature of 25 mK using a large-scale dilution refrigerator. 

    • Publication date : 2022/10/27
    • Subjects: Technology
  • World’s most powerful MRI machines push the limits of human imaging

    Latest MRI machines, developed in the US and in France and designed to operate under ultra-high magnetic strength thanks to giant superconducting magnets, should notably allow major advances in the understanding of neurological diseases.

    • Publication date : 2019/02/28
  • Supercooling the LHC

    CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the new research instrument of the world's elementary particle physics community. This discovery-making machine will explore the structure of matter and basic forces of nature on a scale never attained before....

    • Publication date : 2007/02/12
  • Rare earths for spatial measurements.

    Researchers from ECA-INAC developed a small cryorefrigerator, replacing liquid helium by a more efficient rare-earths based material.

    • Publication date : 2014/11/27
  • Cryogenics: Energy Saving for Cryogenic Systems

    The Cryogenics Group in the Accelerator Engineering Department of the Accelerator Division of Thomas Jefferson's National Accelerator Facilities has discovered a way of cutting the energy consumption of the compressors involved in cryocooling. The...

    • Publication date : 2007/05/04
  • LHC accelerating science

    The first beam in the Large Hadron Collider at CERN was steered around the full 27 km of the world's most powerful particle accelerator on September 10, 2008, in Geneva. Beams of protons circulating in opposite directions are to be brought into...

    • Publication date : 2008/10/25
  • IIR Member news: Air Liquide

    Air Liquide, a corporate member of the IIR, has signed a contract with LGETA (LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co. Ltd.), for the supply of a wide range of gases to LGETA's expansion project in Tianjin. Tianjin is the 4th largest city in China,...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/10
  • Briefs: Cryogen-Expo

    Cryogen-Expo will take place on November 11-13, 2008 in Pavilion No 5, Expocentre Fairgrounds, in Moscow, Russia. This major exhibition held under the auspices of the IIR, the International Academy of Refrigeration and the Ukrainian Association of...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • A possible major step in the quest of room-temperature superconductivity

    Two researcher teams have just reported experiments indicating that a hydride of lanthanum compressed to 1.7 to 1.85 million bar has a critical temperature of 250–260 K (-23 – -13°C).

    • Publication date : 2019/01/31
  • Cryogenics: A new cryocooler

    A new cryocooler has been demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that combines small-size, rapid cooling, low temperatures and high efficiency. It is a "pulse tube" design that uses oscillating helium gas to...

    • Publication date : 2007/05/04